Age : 12-14 Years

Typical household articles include pillow, bolster and mattress covers, sheets, coverlets, towels, tablecloths, serviettes, dusters.

Dusters, serviettes, plain towels are hemmed or machined with a rather loose stitch to allow for shrinkage.

A length of linen, double width, might be planned into towels, frayed out into fringed ends, overcast at the edges, darned and knotted into many pleasing varieties, either with cotton or white or ingrain flax (Diags. 124, 125). Instead of hemming the folds of tablecloths, these are often seamed for strength, and should have the fold at each end, like sheets, about 1/2 inch wide.

Circular calico is one of the products of the economic market which saves joining up the sides of bolster and pillow cases.

Bleached flour bags make very good serviceable coverings for pillows. Twill and linen last for years and always look well when laundried.

Marking is the term applied to the many varieties of sewing initials, full name, number, etc., on general personal and household equipment.

Chain stitch (known as French marking in the industrial world), fine tacking or darning, in fact, all the hitherto known stitchery, single and combined, may be employed for marking. Cross stitch is a time-honoured method. The stitch forms a series of diagonal crosses on the right side, and may be wrought exactly like top sewing, it one long row is required - working the required number with half stitches and then sewing back over each to form the cross (Diag. 126). Each cross complete in itself is sewn, however, by lifting as much on the needle as you pass over from the starting-place. Each cross complete in itself is worked from the starting-place by going down and across a few threads to the right, according to the thickness of the material, and lifting a few threads straight to the left (Diag. 127).

Lesson XIV Household Articles Marking 144

Diag. 125.

Bring the needle up and across a few threads to the right and so cross the first diagonal thread (Diag. 127).

For the second cross bring the needle up at the bottom right-hand corner of the first cross and continue as with the first cross. And in all cases leave the loose beginning thread to be sewn over with the cross-stitch thread.

The test of correctness is that the stitches should all cross in the same direction, i.e. either from right to left or left to right. Fasten off the thread by darning under and over the stitch and snip the thread end quite close to the lettering.

Lesson XIV Household Articles Marking 145Lesson XIV Household Articles Marking 146Lesson XIV Household Articles Marking 147

Diag. 127.

Note that each letter by any of the methods should be begun and finished by its own thread.

Eyelet holes make an interesting, decorative marking.

There are innumerable petty regulations as to the correct position for marking linen. It is best for the worker to consider carefully which will be the most convenient place to look for the marking and to place it there.