This section is from the book "Progressive Lessons In The Art and Practice of Needlework", by Catherine F. Johnson. Also available from Amazon: Progressive Lessons In The Art And Practice Of Needlework.
5. Cut a 2 1/2 in. paper square, using rule and pencil. Make this exact by placing the diagonally opposite corners on each other, measuring and paring. This is for a pattern for a canvas patch.
Description Of Sampler No. I.
4 strips of canvas,* 3 in. x 9 in.
1 strip of canvas, 4 in. x 9 in.
3 skeins of Saxony yarn, red, yellow, and blue.
Chenille needle, No. 24.
For methods of work on first strip, refer to Nos. 12, 15, 16, in questions and answers of the first year's work.
For methods of work on second strip, refer to Nos. 20, 22, 27, in questions and answers of the first year's work.
Estimated cost of canvas sampler, 11 cents.
First strip of canvas; 3 in. x 9 in.
Basting. - Make a line of basting 1/2 in. from the top, in red worsted, as described in answer to question 12.
Ten threads below this line make a second line of basting in yellow worsted.
Ten threads below make a third line of basting in blue worsted.
Stitching. - Fourteen threads below make a line of stitching, using the three colors, each one-third the length of the line, as described in answer to question 15.
Backstitching. - Fourteen threads below this make a line of backstitching, as described in answer to question 16. This is also done in three colors. For joining the colors, refer to questions and answers 14 and 17.
Commercial name, Penelope canvas.
This will supply twenty pupils.
Second strip of canvas, 4 in. x 9 in.
Running. - 1/2 in. from the top make a line of running stitches in red, as described in answer to question 19.
Ten threads below make a similar line in yellow. Ten threads below make a similar line in blue.
Oversewing. - Fourteen threads below crease the canvas for the whole length, so that the two threads will be on the edge; oversew this, as described in answer to question 20. Make the line in three colors, joining as described in answer to question 21. Lay the canvas flat again.
Hemming. - Eight threads below make one line of hemming stitches. On the lower edge of the canvas turn up four threads for the first turning of a hem; turn again, to make a hem of about 3/4 in. Sew the hem in three colors, as described in answer to question 24. Join as described in answer to question 25.
Third strip of canvas, 3 in. x 9 in.
Buttonhole. - 1 in. from the upper edge and 4 1/2 in. from the left-hand edge, begin a buttonhole. Hold the canvas with the left hand, between the thumb and forefinger, working lengthwise. With a needleful of red worsted make three running stitches on the under side. Put the needle up from the under side, draw the thread through, cross diagonally four threads, take up two threads, with the needle pointing directly towards the chest; and proceed in this way until seventeen stitches are made. Turning the canvas round, make a line of stitches same as the first, with two threads between.
Twenty threads below, repeat this; fasten off the red worsted. Beginning with yellow worsted in the same place, cross each stitch until the closed end is reached, when the cross-bar must be made. This is done by making one stitch to the left, then one to the right, until three have been made on each side. Continue with cross-stitch until the starting-point is reached.
Darning. - This is a series of running stitches in parallel lines, taking up two threads and going over two, beginning with one stitch in the first line, increasing to twelve stitches in a line, then decreasing to one.
Fourth strip of canvas, 3 in. x 9 in.
Cross-stitch. - Fourteen threads from the top make a line of cross-stitches, as shown in the illustration, three colors.
Buttonhole stitch. - Twenty threads below draw the needle through the upper side. Take up vertically four threads. Then the thread from the eye of the needle is brought around the point of the needle from right to left, - care being taken that it passes over the other end of the thread, - and the needle pulled through, bringing the loop up straight to the top of the four threads, continuing these stitches across the canvas, in three colors.
Fifth strip of canvas, 3 in. x 9 in.
Patching. - Cut a small hole in the canvas 2 1/2 in. from the end. Cut a piece of canvas 2 1/2 in. square. Turn in the edges 1/4 in. and baste on the under side of the canvas, the centre of the patch coming directly over the centre of the hole, being careful to have the threads match. Now cut the hole I in. square. On each corner cut diagonally across four threads. Turn in the edges all around, and baste to the patch.
Darning. - Let a torn place be represented by two lines making a right angle, as shown in the cut. Overcast these lines, taking up two threads. Make a line of basting all around, 1/4 in. from these lines. In the corner of the darn make oblique lines of running stitches, being careful to leave a small loop at each turning, so that they will come together at the corner of the inside basting. The remainder of the darn is made by straight lines of running stitches back and forth, making small loops at each turning.
The first four strips of canvas, when finished, are joined by oversewing, the edges being turned down 1/8 in. The fifth strip is joined to the others by a line of buttonhole stitches, worked over the raw edges. This finishes the canvas sampler (Fig. 3).
1. On what finger should the thimble be worn? Ans. The thimble should be worn on the second finger of the right hand.
2. Of what use is the thimble? Ans. The thimble protects the finger, and helps in pushing the needle through the work. Show how the thimble should move in sewing.
3. How should the needle be held? Ans. The needle should be held between the thumb and first finger of the right hand, 1/4 in. from the point, the eye of the needle resting against the thimble.