Stitching is done by taking a stitch backward on the upper side of the cloth, and a longer stitch forward on the under side, making the stitches meet.


No. 8 needle, No. 50 thread, and a half yard strip of cotton cloth, doubled and basted.

Practise Drill No. 2 (page 14).

1. Make a small knot in the thread.

2. Hold the work over the cushion of the left forefinger, as in Fig. 6 (page 14).

3. Insert the needle at the right-hand corner of the cloth, between the edges of the seam, one-eighth of an inch from the end, and one thread of the cloth below the basting.

4. Draw the needle and thread through.

5. Put the point of the needle back a few threads from where the needle comes through the cloth, and bring it out the same distance beyond.

Fig. 16.

Fig. 16. - Showing the stitches

6. Continue, putting the needle back each time into the last stitch.

7. Make the stitches even and keep the seam straight (Fig. 16), leaving one thread of the cloth between the stitches and the basting.

8. Fasten the thread, by inverting the cloth, and taking a few stitches directly over the last ones made.

9. Join the thread, by making a small knot, and concealing it in the seam; or by taking one stitch with the new thread, leaving half-an-inch of the thread to be brought to the left, and to be sewed over with the next few stitches, allowing it to wind in and out.


In the same manner sew all seams having raw edges, if a strain is coming on them, as in shoulder seams, the seams of drawers, etc. A bias seam should be sewed from the broad part to the narrow.

How is stitching done? How is the work held? Where is the needle first inserted? Where next? Where is it brought out? As you continue, where should the needle always be inserted? How should the stitches be made? How many threads of the cloth should be left between the basting and the stitches? How should the thread be fastened? How should the thread be joined?