This section is from the book "Scientific Sewing And Garment Cutting", by Antoinette Van Hoesen Wakeman. Also available from Amazon: Scientific Sewing And Garment Cutting: For Use In Schools And In The Home.
The second stitch in the first model is the backstitch. It is well to ask the questions in regard to the conditions of the hands, and the position to be assumed and maintained when sewing, at the beginning of each lesson for six or eight weeks. Thus these most important matters will be so impressed upon the minds of the pupils that correct habits will be formed.
The children should now be taught to sew buttons onto a strip of cloth folded double, and to fasten them neatly and firmly.
What is the stitch you are next going to learn? Ans. The backstitch.
Why is it called the backstitch? Ans. The needle is set back each stitch just as much as it is set forward.
How many threads are taken up with each stitch? Ans. Two new threads are taken up, and the needle is set back over the two threads taken up the stitch before.
How should the thread be drawn? Ans. Very carefully, and not too tightly.
When is backstitching used? Ans. When a strong seam is required.
How should all stitches be taken? Ans. Evenly and regularly.
How should buttons be set on? Ans. By sewing through the eyes of the button as many times as the needle will pass through easily; then fasten firmly on the under side.