C. C. Brooks

Planking

As both sides are alike, patterns are given for one side only, and as some of the planks are over 16 ft. long, the patterns of these are given in two pieces, as they will have to be put on in two pieces unless you have some 18 ft. lumber. Commence with the No. 1, or middle plank, and get it out from shape of pattern. It is best not to cut the center-board slot in this plank until after it has been fastened in place. Try the plank to place, clamping it down at the ends. You will now see that the lower edge of the end pieces must be beveled off to allow the ends of the plank to come into place. This beveling you will do by trimming off the edge of the end piece until the plank lays fair upon it.

Although the pattern shows the shape of the ends of the plank, it is advisable not to cut the ends of the the planking to shape of patterns, but to leave all the plank a little long so that they will extend beyond the ends of the boat a few inches ; then after it has all been fastened to place, it may be cut off flush with the ends of the boat. Put on in this way, it is less apt to split at the ends when nailing.

Planking 163

Fig. 7.

You must, however, be careful to have the edges of the plank fit tightly together. The seams should be tight on the inside and a little open, say 1-16 in. on the outside, for calking. When putting on each plank bevel the edge with a plane until it fits. Fasten the plank to the back-bone with 12-in. wire nails. Around the centerboard slot, nail close - say one nail every inch. Slightly stagger or zig-zag these nails to prevent their splitting. Fasten all planks to the ribs with 1 7/8 in. clout nails, three or four to each plank, at each rib. The ends of the plank are fastened to the end pieces with 2 in. wire nails. The outside edge of the outside plank is fastened to the side with 2-in. wire sails.

The bottom edge of the side pieces must be beveled, so that the planks lay flat on them. The outside plank is closely nailed to the side the same as with the plank around center-board slot. When driving all nails, hold a clinch-iron (flat-iron will do) on the inside. After all plank are on, set in all nails about 1/8 in., with a nail set, holding on clinch-iron when setting nails. The joint or butt of those plank that have to be put on in two pieces may come on a rib or half way between two ribs, in which latter case butt blocks of 7/8 in. oak may be put on the inside, with the ends of the planks nailed to them. (Note instructions for canvas covered planking.)

Nail two or three stays or braces across the top of the boat, from side to side, to prevent its spreading; then turn the boat over, right side up, and put in the deck beams. These are the same size as the ribs and are put in and fastened in the same manner. The deck-beams, however, will not require steaming as they will bend easily to place when cold. You will note in Fig. 7 that those beams that come alongside the cock-pit do not extend clear across, but end on a fore and aft piece. This piece is the same size as the deck-beams. After putting in the long deck beams, put in the two fore and aft pieces that support the short; deck beams. These pieces are put under the deck beams and fastened to two of the long beams at each end. They are fastened with one 1 1/2 in. No. 12 screw at each beam. The inner ends of the short neck beams are fastened to the top of these pieces with one 1 1/2 in. screw in each.

The deck frame when in will show an opening for cockpit 5 ft. long and 4 ft.wide. Lay the decking on the deck frame in the same manner as the planking.

As the neck is made simply of straight pieces, no patterns are necessary. After the deck is on, trim it off to shape of outer edge of boat and the cockpit. The deck may be either calked or covered with canvas. We recommend the latter method. If deck is calked, the nails should be set the same as was planking. If deck is canvas covered it should first be planed and sandpapered smooth and all cracks filled with putty.

To canvas the deck will require 5 yds. of 6-oz. duck. The canvas or duck may be sewed or tacked together in the seams. The seams of the canvas may be run crosswise of boat. First, give he deck a coat of paste and lay the canvas on while t is wet, working out all the wrinkles. Fold the canvas over the edge and tack it. If the canvas has not been sewn together it must be lapped about 1/2 in. at the seams and tacked closely.