R. G. Francis

I propose in this article, which is intended for the beginner rather than for the expert, to give directions for some of the simple things which are not always simple for the beginner. In the first place, I will speak of printing. When the tyro commences to print from his own negatives, he naturally turns to a printing-out paper. This is inevitable. The simplicity of working, the visibility of the image, the sharpness of the results, all appeal to him. He vigorously makes prints from his negatives, tones them in a combined bath, soaks them in water for a while, and gives them to his friends, They are pleased with the results, and so is he - for a time. At the end of a few months he finds that his prints have faded, and is told that it is the fault of the paper, on which permanent prints cannot be made.

Possibly not. Yet prints can be made on printing-out papers, which, if not absolutely permanent, will last a number of years, even under poor conditions of exposure to light. The fault has been with the maker and not with the paper. If he had toned with a gold solution, fixed in plain hypo, and thoroughly washed his prints, they would probably have lasted as long as he cared for them. He gets disgusted with the process, however, and asks some friend or dealer what he shall use, and is told to use a gaslight developing paper. The advice is sound, and the examples shown him are good, so he invests in a package of paper and a tube of M. Q.,and goes home to make some beautiful black and white prints.