Weights

Avoirdupois.

Troy.

Lbs.

Oz.

Drs.

Lbs.

Oz.

. Dwt.

Gr.

A gerah...............................................................................

0

0

0.439

=

0

0

0

12

10

gerahs

=

1

bekah......................

0

0

4.39

=

0

0

5

0

2

bekahs

=

1

shekel................

0

0

8.78

=

0

0

10

0

60

shekels

=

1

maneh..........................

2

0

14.628

=

2

6

0

0

50

manehs

=

1

talent..............................

102

13

11.428

=

125

0

0

0

Measures

Long Measure.

Et.

In.

A digit. or finger (Jer. lii. 21).........................................

0

0.912

4

digits

=

1

palm (Exod. XXV. 25)...........................

0

3.648

3

palms

=

1

span (Exod. XXVIII. 16)...............................

0

10.944

2

spans

=

1

cubit (Gen. vi. 15).....................

1

9.888

4

cubits

=

1

fathom (Acts XXVII. 28)..........................

V

3.552

1.5

fathoms

=

1

reed (Ezek xl. 3, 5)...........................

10

11.328

13.3

reeds

=

1

line (Ezek. xl. 3)..........................

145

11.04

Land Measure.

Eng. miles.

Paces.

Ft.

A cubit.................................................................................................

... 0

0 145

1.824

400

cubits

=

1

furlong (Luke xxiv. 13)...................................................

... 0

4.6

5

furlongs

=

1

sabbath day's journey (John xi. 18; Acts i. 12)..........................

... 0

727

3.0

10

furlongs

=

1

mile (Matt. v. 41).........................

... 1

399

1.0

24

miles

=

1

day's journey............................

..... 33

76

4.0

Liquid Measure.

Gals.

Pts.

A caph

0

0.625

1.3

caphs

=

1

log (Lev. xiv. 10)..................................

0

0.833

4

logs

=

1

cab............................................

0

3.333

3

cabs

=

1

hin (Exod. XXX. 24).....................

1

2

2

hins

=

1

seah,.......................

2

4

3

seahs

=

1

bath, or ephah (1 Kings vii. 26; John ii. 6).................................

7

4.5

10

ephahs

=

1

kor, or homer (Isa. v. 10; Ezek. xiv. 14)..........................

75

5.25

Dry Measure.

Pecks.

Gals.

Pts.

A gachal................................................................................................

.. 0

0

0.1416

20

gachals

=

1

cab (2 Kings vi. 25; Rev. vi. 6)........................................

.. 0

0

2.8333

1.8

cabs

=

1

omer (Exod. xvi. 36).............................................

.. 0

0

5.1

3.3

omers

=

1

seah (Matt. xiii. 33).....................................

.. 1

0

1

3

seahs

=

1

ephah (Ezek. xlv. 11)...............................

.. 3

0

3

5

ephahs

=

1

letech (Hosea iii. 2).........................................

.. 16

0

0

2

letechs

=

1

kor, or homer (Num. xi. 32; Hos. iii. 2).......................................

. . 32

0

0

N.B. - The above Table will explain many texts in the Bible. Take, for instance, Isa. v. 10. "Yea, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and the seed of an homer shall yield an ephah." This curse upon the covetous man was, that 10 acres of vines should produce only 7 gallons of wine, i.e., one acre should yield less that 3 quarts; and that 32 pecks of seed should only bring a crop of 3 pecks, or, in other words, that the harvest reaped should produce but one-tenth of the seed sown.

Time

The Natural Day was from sun-rise to sun-set. The Natural Night was from sun-set to sun-rise.

The Civil Day was from sun-set one evening to sun-set the next; for, "the Evening and the Morning were the first day."

Night (Ancient).

First Watch (Lam. ii. 19) till midnight. Middle Watch (Judg. vii. 19) till 3 a.m. Morning Watch (Exod. xiv. 24) till 6 a.m.

Night (New Testament).

First Watch, evening

=

6

to

9

p.m.

Second Watch, midnight

=

9

to

12

p.m.

Third Watch, cock-crow

=

12

to

3

a.m.

Fourth Watch, morning

=

3

to

6

a.m.

Day (Ancient). Morning till about 10 a.m. Heat of day till about 2 p.m. Cool of day till about 6 p.m.

Day (New Testament).

Third hour

=

6

to

9

a.m.

Sixth hour

=

9

to

12

midday.

Ninth hour

=

12

to

3

p m.

Twelfth hour

=

3

to

6

p.m.