5 P. vulgaris L. St. twining; lfts. ovate-acuminate; rac. solitary, shorter than the Ivs.; pedicels in pairs; cal. as short as its two bracts at base; leg. pendulous, long-mucronate; seed reniform, variously, often brightly colored.- Native of E. Indies. Universally cultivated in gardens, not only for the mature fruit but for the young pods which constitute that favorite dish, string beans. St 3 to 8f long, twining against the sun. Fls. mostly white. Jl.
6 P. multiflorus L. Scarlet Pole Bean. St. twining; lfts. ovate-acute; rac. solitary, as long as the lvs.; pedicels opposite; cal. longer than the 2 ap-pressed bracts at base; leg. pendulous; seeds reniform. - Native of S. America. St. 6 to 1 Of long, twining against the sun. Fls. scarlet, numerous, and very brilliant. Fr. not so generally admired as the last. Jl.
7 P. lunatus L. Lima Bean. St. twining; lfts. ovate, deltoid, acute; rac. shorter than the lvs.; ped. in pairs; cal. longer than its 2 bracts at base; leg. scimetar-shaped, or somewhat lunate; sds. large, much compressed, purplish-white. - Native of E. Indies. St. 6 to 8f long. Fls. small, whitish. Much valued and cultivated. Jl.
8 P. nanus L. Busn Bean. St smooth, very branching, erect; lfts. broad-ovate, acute; cal. shorter than its 2 bracts at base; leg. pendulous, compressed, rugous.- 1 Native of India. St. 1f high. Fls. white. Seeds white, small, but there are many varieties. Much cultivated. Jn.
49. ERYTHRI'NA, L. (Gr. red; from the color of the flower.) Calyx campanulate, tubular, truncate or lobed; vexillum long, lanceolate, with no callosities; wings and keel much smaller: stamens straight, nearly as long as the vexillum; style glabrous; legume torulous. - Trees, shrubs, or herbs, often prickly. Lvs. pinnately trifoliate. Fls. racemed.
1 E. herbacea L. Glabrous; lfts. rhombic-hastate, with 3 rounded, shallow lobes, petioles, with here and there a small hooked prickle; rac. terminal; cal. truncate; leg. dehiscent. - In rich soils, S. Car. to Fla. and La. A plant of splendid hues, arising from a thick subterranean rhizome, 3 to 4f high. Sts. simple, purple. Lfts. 2 to 3' long, 2/3 as wide, the petiole twice as long. Fls. numerous, slender, the banner 2' long, deep scarlet, the keel and wings very small. Sds. scarlet, the size of a small bean. Apr., Jn.
2 E. Crista-galli L. Cocks-comb. St. arboreous, unarmed; lfts. ovate or elliptical, coriaceous, the petiole and midvein armed with strong, hooked prickles; cal. short, campanulate, vex. strongly curved. - A handsome flowering shrub or tree, planted at the South. Rac. of many large scarlet flowers, terminal on the branches. Apr., Jn. From Brazil.
50. AMPHICARPAEA, Ell. Tea Vine. (Gr. Lat. ambo, both, fruit; i. e., two kinds of fructification.) Calyx tubular, campanulate, with 4 or 5 nearly equal segments; petals oblong; vexillum with the sides appressed; stigma capitate; ovary on a sheathed stipe; legume flat, 2 to 4-seeded.- Slender, twining. Lvs. pinnately trifoliate. The upper fls. complete, but usually barren, the lower apet-alous and fruitful.
1 A. monoica Nutt. St. retrorsely pubescent; lfts. ovate, thin; cauline rac. simple, pendulous; cal. segm. very short, triangular-acumiuate; bracts minute.- A very slender vine in woods and thickets, Can. and U. S. St. twining, rough backwards, 4 to 8f in length. Lfts. very thin, 1 to 3' long, 3/4 as wide, lateral ones oblique at base. Rac. axillary, few-flowered. Fls. pale purple. Cauline leg. smoothish, with 3 to 4 dark purple seeds. Radical leg. often subterraneous, with one large, compressed, brown seed. Jl, Sept.
2 A. Pitcheri Torr & Gr. St. villous, with ferruginous, spreading hairs; lfts. rhombie-ovato; rac. erect, often branched; cal. segm. lance-subulate, a third of the length of the tube; bracts broad, conspicuous. - Alluvion about N. Orleans and W. La. (Hale). Lfts. rather thick, 2 to 3' by 1 1/2 to 2', hirsute both sides. Fls. a little smaller (6" long); fr. a little larger (16 to 18" long) than in No. 1. Sds. 3, compressed, purplish-black.
51. GALAC'TIA, L. (Gr. milk; some species have a milky juice.) Calyx bibracteolate, 4-cleft, the segments of nearly equal length, upper one broadest, entire; pet. oblong; vexillum broadest and incumbent; keel petals slightly cohering at top; legume many-seeded. - Herbs prostrate or twining, sometimes shrubby. Lvs. pinnately compouud. Rac. axillary. Fls. cyanic.
§ Leaves pinnate, 7 to 9-foliate. Stems prostrate, twining.........................
§ Leaves pinnately 3-foliate. Stems prostrate, twining....................................
Nos. 2 - 4
§ Leaves pinnately 3-foliate. Stems erect or ascending....................................
.Nos. 5, 6
1 G. Elliottii Nutt. Lfts. 7 to 9, coriaceous, elliptic-oblong, obtuse at each end; ped. longer than the lvs., few-flowered at the top; upper sep. (double) broad, ovate, subulate-mucronate. - Ga. (Feay and Pond). Sts. running or climbing many feet. Lfts. 1' or more long, minutely pubescent beneath. Pods villous, 2' long, 4 to 6-seeded. Corolla white or rose color, 7" long. May - Jl.
2 G. glabella Mx. St. nearly glabrous; lfts. 3, elliptic-oblong, emarginate at each end, sub-coriaceous, shining above, a little hairy beneath; rac. pedunculate, about the length of the lvs., fls. pedicellate. - In arid soils, N. J. to Fla. Sts. 2 to 4f long. Lfts. 10 to 20" by 5 to 10", varying in form from elliptic through oblong to ovate. Fls. rather largo (7 to 8" long), reddish-purple, greenish externally. Pods 1 1/2' long (immature), erect, falcate. Aug. - Sept.
3 G. mollis Mx. St. softly pubescent; lfts. oval, obtuse, nearly smooth above, softly villous and whitish beneath; rac. longer than the lvs., pedunculate, fasciculate; fls. on very short pedicels; leg. villous. - Dry soils, Md. to Ga. St. several feet long. Lfts. about 1' long, 8" wide. Fls. about half as largo as in the last. Aug. - Sept.