§ Flowers white, nodding. Plants cultivated.........................................................
Nos. 8, 9
§ Flowers orange-colored or red, spotted. (*)
* Leaf-axles bearing bulblets. Leaves scattered.............................................
Nos. 6, 7
- Flowers erect, segments unguiculate.....................
Nos. 3, 4
- Flowers nodding. - Lvs. 1-veined, oblanceolate....
- Lvs. 3 to 5-veined, lanceolate..
Nos. 1, 2
1 L. Canadense L. Yellow Lily. Lvs. 3-veined, mostly verticillate, lanceolate, the veins hairy beneath; ped. terminal, elongated, usually by 3s; fl. nodding, the segments spreading, never revolute. - Can. and U. S. A plant of much beauty, frequently adorning our meadows in summer. Bulb scaly. Stem round, 2 - 4f high, surrounded by several remote whorls, each consisting of 4 - 6 leaves, and often a few scattered ones at base. These are 2 - 3' by 1/2 - 1'. Flowers 1 - 3, sometimes 7 - 20, pendulous, yellow, or orange-colored, spotted with dark purple inside. July.
2 L. superbum L. Superb Lily. TURK'S. Cap. Lvs. linear-lanceolate, acuminate, 3-veined, glabrous, lower ones verticillate, upper ones scattered; fls. often in a pyramidal raceme, nodding, segments revolute. - Can., Mid. and W. States. Few cultivated plants are more ornamental than this inhabitant of prairies and meadows. Root bearing a white, squamous bulb. (Fig. 60.) St. erect, round, straight, 4 to 6f high. Lvs. 2 to 3' by 4 to 9". Fls. 3 to 20 or more, of a bright orange color with purple spots. Sop. and pet. linear-lanceolate, beautifully and fully revolute. Very distinct, at least in appearance from the foregoing. Jl.
3 L. Philadelphicum L. Philadelphia Lily. Lvs. linear-lanceolate, acute, 1-veined, upper verticillate, lower generally scattered; fls. subsolitary, campanulate, terminal, erect; pet. and sep. lance-ovate, obtuse or barely acute, erect-spreading, unguiculate. - Dry pastures, fields and barrens, U. S. and Can. An elegant and showy plant, 15 to 20' high. St. terete, smooth, simple. Lvs. 2 to 3' by 3 to 5", sessile, smooth, collected into 1, 2 or 3, or more whorls of 3s to 5s, with the lower scattered. Fls. usually solitary, rarely 2 to 4, and umbellate. Sep. and pet. deep orange color, spotted at base, 2 1/2 long, standing apart on claws about 6" long. Jn.
4 L. Catesbaei Walt. Catesby's Lily. Lvs. linear-lanceolate and linear-acuminate, all scattered, sep. and pet. undulate, long-unguiculate, ovate-lanceolate, tapering to'a long, thickened acumination, which is reflexed above. - Damp pine barrens, Md. to Ky. and all the S. States. St. 18 to 30' high, smooth and polished, often purple. Lvs. 1 to 2' (the lower 3'), by 1 to 4", suberect, spreading. Sep. and pet. 3 to 4' long, the claws 1' or more, yellow, the lamina scarlet, spotted with red and purple. Jl., Aug.
5 L. Carolinianum Mx. Lvs. 1-veined, oblanceolate, or spalulate, acuminate, tapering to a slender, sessile base, in whorls of about 5, the lower scattered; flower mostly solitary, nodding; segm. lance-linear, recurved, tapering to a slender acumination, midvein winged; style curved upwards. - A more delicate species than the last, 18' to 3f high, rarely 3-flowered. Lvs. 18" to 3' by 9 to 1G", membranous. Fls. deep yellow, spotted with purple, the segm. strongly recurved, but not revolute. Jl, Aug.
6 L. bulbiferum L. Orange Lily. Lvs. scattered, 3-veined; fls. campanulate, erect, rough within, segm. sessile. - Gardens. St. thick, round, 4f high, bearing small, roundish, dark-colored bulbs in the axils of the leaves. Fls. large, orange-colored, resembling in form those of L. candidum, but are scabrous within.
Jl † Italy.
7 L. tigrinum Gawl. Tiger-spotted Lily. Lvs. scattered, sessile, 5-veined, the upper cordate-ovate; perianth revolute, papillous inside. - Gardens, common in cultivation. St. 6f high, with a pyramid of dark, orange-colored, spotted fls. Axils of lvs. bulbiferous. Aug. † China.
8 L. candidum L. White Lily. Lvs. scattered, graded, lanceolate, narrowed at the base; fls. several, campanulate, smooth inside. - Gardens. It has a thick stem, 4f high, supporting a raceme of very large, snowy-white fls., which have long been regarded as the very perfection of whiteness and purity. Jl. † Levant Fig. 3.
9 L. Japonicum Thunb. Lvs. scattered, lanceolate; flower solitary, campanulate, nodding. - Greenhouse. A noble species, requiring careful management. Its flower is large, nodding, terminal, white, on a stem 2f high, † China.
4. FRITILLA'RIA, Tourn. Chequered Lily. (Lat. fritillus, a chess-board; alluding to the chequered petals.) Perianth campanulate, with abroad base and nectariferous cavity above the claw of each segment; stamens as long as the petals; stigma trifid; capsule coriaceous, 3-celled, septifragal. - Herbs with coated bulbs, simple, leafy stems, bearing 1 or more nodding fls.
1 F. imperialis L. Crown Imperial. Rac. comous, naked below; lvs. entire. - Native of Persia. A fine, showy flower, of easy culture. Stem thick, striate, 3f high, the lower part invested with the long, narrow, entire leaves; the upper part is uaked, bearing at the top a raceme of several large, red or yellow, nodding flowers, beneath a crown formed by the pairs of small, narrow leaves, at the base of each pedicel. May. † (Petilium, Kunth.)
2. F. maleagris L. Lvs. alternate, linear, channeled; st. 1-flowered. - Native of Britain. Stem a foot high, with alternate, long, very narrow leaves. The flower, which is usually solitary, is large, nodding, and beautifully chequered with purple and pale red or yellow. May. †
5. YUC'CA, L. Bear's-grass. Spanish Daggers. (The Indian name.) Perianth of 6 petaloid segments, withering-persistent, the inner broader; stamens 6, shorter than the petals, inserted into their base; ovary free; stigmas 3, sessile; capsule oblong, obtusely hexagonal, 3-valved at apex, 3-celled, cells more or less divided by a false dissepiment; seeds numerous and 2-rowcd in each cell. - Sts. subterranean, or arising in a leafy or naked caudex, with rigid, linear, or sword-shaped, perennial lvs., and a terminal panicle of showy, white, pedicellate fls.
§ Caudex scarcely arising above the ground. Leaf margin bearing threads...................
§ Caudex conspicuous, trunk-like. Leaves entire or serrulate.........................................
Nos. 2, 3
1 Y. filamentosa L. Bear's-Thread. Acaulescent or nearly so; lvs. linear-lanceolate, rigidly acute, coriaceous, the margin filamentous, that is, bearing long, thread-like fibers; segm. lance-ovate, acuminate, erect-spreading. - In light soils, S. States, and often cultivated. The lvs. are nearly erect, 1 to 2f long, 1' to 18" wide, all densely clustered at the top of the short caudex, which is at the surface of the ground, or a few inches above it. Scape 5 to 8f high, bearing a large pyramidal panicle of simple racemes. Fls. cup-shaped, segm. 15" long. Aug.