9 C. ochroleuca Ait. Lvs. simple, ovate, silky, pubescent beneath. - Mts. and river banks, N. T. to Ga. Rare; stem 12-18' high, sericious. Leaves sessile, entire, simple, 2-4' long, 2/3 as wide, with prominent veins, upper surface at length smooth. Flower terminal, nodding, ovate-campanulate. Sepals silky outside yellowish-white within. Plumes of the fruit long, straw-colored. May.
10 C. ovata Ph. Leaves broadly ovate, glabrous, glaucous and veiny beneath.
__N.. Car. to Fla. Stem simple, 1 - 2f high, glabrous as well as the whole plant.
Leaves entire, simple, on short petioles, the lower subcordate. The stem terminates in a short, nodding, purple flower, with ovate-acuminate sepals. Achenia with long plumous tails.
11 c. Baldwinii T. & G-. Leaves varying from oblong to lance-linear, the lower 3-lobed or cleft. - Tampa Bay, Fla. (Baldwin.) Slender, 1 - 2f high. Lvs. acute at base, about 1/2' by 2', petiolate. Flower cylindrical-cainpanulate, purplish, on a long terminal peduncle. Plumous tails 2' long.
12 C. Flammula L. Flowers paniculate; lvs. pinnate; lfts. oblong, acute at each end. - S. Europe and N. Africa, often cultivated. Its long, half woody, angular, climbing stems form shady masses, covered with small, white, cymous, extremely fragrant flowers. Lfts. very variable. Fruit tipped with long shaggy tails. Jl., Oct.†
13 C. florida L. Flowers solitary; sepals acuminate, smooth; lfts. ovate, acute. - From Japan. Vine 12f long. Lvs. ternate and decompound; lfts. entire. Peduncles longer than the leaves, bearing each a large, white-yellow flower. Jn., Sept.†
14 C. Viticella L. Flower solitary; sepals obovate. - From Spain. Vine long and climbing, with ternately decompound leaves. Lfts. entire, ovate or oval. Flower large, purple, the sepals broad, obtuse at end, often double. Jn. - Sept.†
15. C. lasiantha Nutt. Fls. solitary, dioecious, on clustered 2-leaved branch-lets; sepals oblong-cuneate, spreading, villous on both sides; lvs. ternate, lfts. broadly ovate, incisely toothed, the terminal 3-lobed or cleft. - Vine delicate, climbing many feet, pubescent or villous. Lfts. about 1 1/2' by 1'. Peduncles 3' long, the pale blue-purple fl. 1 1/4' broad.† Rocky Mts.
2. ANEMONE, L. Fig. 361. (Gr. avέµоς, wind. Most of the species grow in elevated or windy places.) Involucre remote from the flower, of 3 divided leaves; calyx regular, of 5 - 15 colored sepals; corolla 0; stamens ∞, much shorter than the sepals; ovaries ∞, free, collected into a roundish or oblong head; achenia with a short, rarely lengthened beak; seeds suspended. - Lvs. radical, stem lvs. 2 or 3 opposite or whorled, forming the involucre.
§ Pulsatilla. Carpels many (50 - 75) with long, plumous tails......................
§ Anemone proper. Carpels not produced into tails. (*)
* Pistils many (50 - 70) in a head, densely woolly in fruit. (a)
a Involucrate leaves sessile, with a single flower..............................
Nos. 2 - 4
a Involucrate leaves petiolate, with 2 - 3 flowers..........................
Nos. 5 - 7
* Pistils fewer (15 - 20), merely pubescent in fruit...........................
Nos. 8, 9
* Pistils few (10 - 15), glabrous. Flowers umbeled....................................
Nos. 10, 11
Exotic, cultivated species
Nos. 12, 13
1 A. Nuttalliana DC. Pasque-flower. Plant clothed with silky hairs. St. in flower very short, in fruit 8 - 12' high. Lvs. long-stalked, many-cleft, segments linear or cuneiform, incised. Involucre below the middle of the stem, sessile, subulately dissected, concave or cup-shaped in position. Sep. of the single showy flower 5 or 6, 1' long, pale-purple, silky outside, appearing before the leaves, in Apr. Tails of the carpels 1 1/4' long. - Dry hills, Wisc, Ill., W. to R. Mts. (A. patens L. Pulsatilla, Gray.)
2 A. Caroliniana Walt. Lvs. 3-parted into cuneate-linear. twice trifid segments; invol. similarly cleft half way, hand-shaped; sep. 15 - 20, obtuse; head of carpels cylindraceous-oblong. - A delicately beautiful plant, Car. to Ark. and Nebr. Rhizome tuberous, sending up many stalked, multifld leaves and a scape 6 - 10' high, bearing the 2 or 3-leaved involucre below the middle, and the single large, fragrant, white or rose-colored flower at top. Scape pubescent above. Outer sepals dotted with purple, oblong, the inner (or petals) narrower, all nearly persistent. Invol. similar to, or less deeply cleft than the leaves. Apr. (A. tenella, Ph.)
3 A. heterophylla Nutt. Lvs. of roundish-oval, crenate segments; invol. linear-cleft to the base; sep. acute, 5 - 13; head of carpels cylindrical. - Ga. (near Macon, Mettauer) to La. (Hale) and Ark. Rhizome tuberous. Radical lvs. one or few, long-stalked (3 - 5'), ternate, the segments stalked, simple, or incisely 3-lobed or parted. Scape 8 - 16' high, silky pubescent above. Lvs. of the invol. totally unlike the others, the segments 1 - 1 1/2' by 1", placed (in flower) above the middle of the scape. Fl. greenish, scentless: sepals commonly 8, all linear-oblong, 5 - 6" long, soon falling. Heads of carpels 1 1/2' long; ach. flattned. Mar. - Apr.
4 A. parviflora Mx. Invol. 2-leaved; sep. 5-6, oval; head of carpels globular.- Canada and northward. Stem 2 - 12' high, pubescent. Lvs. 3-parted, segments cuneiform, 3-cleft, crenate lobed, those of the involucre similar, subsessile. Flower whitish. (A. cuneifolia, Ph.)
5 A. multifida DC. Red wind-flower. Invol. shori-petioled; lateral peduncles involucellate: heads of carpels oval. - Rocks, northern Vt. and N. Y., W. to Lake Superior; rare. Plant hairy, about 1f high. Radical lvs. ternately divided, segm. cuneiform, gashed into 3 linear acute lobes, petioles 2 - 4' long. Invol. 2 - 3-leaved, similar, subtending 2 or 3 peduncles. Involucels 2-leaved, sessile. Fls. of 5 - 8 obtuse sepals, small, purple, varying to white. Jn. (A. Hudsoniana Rich.)
6 A. Virginiana L. Invol. long-petioled; lateral peduncles involucellate; heads of carpels oblong. - A tall species in dry woods and hilly pastures, Can. to Car. Scape erect, 2-3 f. high, hairy, dividing above into about 3 long parallel 1-flowered peduncles, middle one naked, lateral ones each with an involucel of two bracts. Lvs. 2-3'by 3-4', 3-parted; lfts. ovate-lanceolate, toothed and lobed; petioles 6 - 10' long, petioles of the bracts much shorter. Sepals 5, yellowish green. Fruit woolly, in heads 3/4' long. July.
β. alba. Fis. larger; sep. white. - Ledges, Vt. (Dr. Robbins.)