This section is from the book "British Wild Flowers - In Their Natural Haunts Vol5-6", by A. R. Horwood. Also available from Amazon: A British Wild Flowers In Their Natural Haunts.
The habitat of this plant is lofty mountains, grassy slopes, and rocky ledges. The plant is dark-green, the stem is stout, woolly-felted, shaggy, and glandular. The radical leaves are elliptic, inversely egg-shaped, blunt, entire, lance-shaped, toothed, abruptly narrowed to the leaf-stalk, the inner narrower, acute, with acute teeth below. The 1-2 stem-leaves are usually bract-like. The 1-3 heads (usually 1) are large, rounded below, long-stalked. The outer phyllaries are lance-shaped, blunt, loose, the inner linear with a long narrow-point, acute, shaggy. The ligules are stiffly hairy. The styles are very dark. The pits of the receptacle have raised borders, shortly-toothed, with a margin of hairs. The plant is 6-14 in. in height, flowering in July and August, and is a herbaceous perennial.
The habitat of this plant is lofty mountains, grassy slopes, and rocky ledges. It ascends to 1200 metres in Ross, Banff, Aberdeen, Perth, Inverness, Argyll. The stem is woolly-felted, glandular, hairy. The radical leaves are bright-green, inversely egg-shaped, spoon-shaped, round-tipped, narrow below, the inner narrower, acute, toothed, smooth above, stiffly hairy below. The stem-leaves are 1-4, the lowest large, inversely lance-shaped, linear, acute, toothed, the upper bract-like. The heads, usually solitary or 2-3, are bell-shaped, rounded below. The phyllaries are few, broad, dark, the outer triangular, lance-shaped, the inner with a narrow long point, the innermost narrow, bristlelike, hairy, and glandular. The ligules are tipped with short, stiff hairs. The styles are livid or greenish-yellow. The plant is 6-10 in. in height, flowering in Julyr and August, and is a herbaceous perennial.
The habitat of this plant is lofty mountains. The rhizome is knotted. The plant is green, with a metallic coppery lustre on the leaves. The stem is woolly-felted, hairy, glandular above. The outer radical leaves are spoon-shaped, the inner inversely lance-shaped to spoon-shaped, elliptic, narrowed to the winged leaf-stalk, the margin wavy, nearly entire or with few small teeth, stiffly hairy below. The stem-leaf is linear, with 1-2 bract-like leaves above. The heads, usually solitary, are large, round below, the flower-stalks woolly-felted, hairy and glandular. The phyllaries are lance-shaped, awllike, the outer and intermediate one blunt or acute, the inner narrower with a long narrow point, hairy and glandular. The ligules are yellow, stiffly hairy. The styles are dark. The plant is 4-7 in. high, flowering in July and August, and is a herbaceous perennial.
The habitat of this plant is mountains, the crevices of shelving rocks, grassy ledges, on debris below granite cliffs. The plant is bluish-white or green. The stem is woolly-felted, glandular, with white hairs above. The primary radical leaves are rounded to spoon-shaped, the later ones lance-shaped, egg-shaped, blunt, the inner acute, narrowed to the short leaf-stalk, irregularly toothed at the base, or with large, acute, ascending teeth, stiffly hairy below, the borders fringed with hairs. The stem-leaves are few or absent, inversely lance-shaped. The heads are solitary or 2-4, rounded, spherical. The phyllaries are olive-green, numerous, narrowed, acute, closely pressed, hairy, glandular. The ligules are yellow, stiffly hairy or smooth. The styles are yellow. The plant is 6-12 in. in height, flowering in July and August, and is a herbaceous perennial.