Black Bearberry (Arctostaphylos Alpina, Spr.)

The habitat of this plant is dry, barren Scottish mountains. The plant has the shrub habit, and is prostrate, then ascending, forming woody patches. The branches are stout, leafy, interlacing, depressed, with scaly bark. The stem is long, trailing. The leaves are spoon-shaped, inversely egg-shaped or lance-shaped, thin, wrinkled, scalloped, toothed above the middle, fading but persistent, in terminal clusters, with a short stalk, the nerves netted, fringed with hairs. The flowers are 2-3, in terminal drooping racemes, white, hairy round the mouth, appearing with the young leaves, on short stalks. The bracts are fringed with hairs. The calyx is small. The corolla has 4-5 lobes, downy within. The anther-stalks are awl-like, the anthers brown, with small, short, awned appendages. The berry or drupe is black, smooth.

The plant is 3-12 in. high, flowering: from May to July, and is a perennial shrub.

Azalea (Azalea Procumbens, Desv.)

The habitat of this plant is Scottish alps, the summits of Highland mountains. The plant has the shrub habit. The stem is woody, prostrate, then ascending, spreading, forming flat patches, with interlacing, rigid branches. The leaves are leathery, rigid, the margins bent-back, small, opposite, crowded, oblong, linear, blunt, deep-green, glossy, channelled above, densely downy below, with a very stout midrib. The flowers are 2-3, rose-colour, in terminal clusters, inclined, small, on simple, red, stout stalks, without brac-teoles. The sepals are red, egg-shaped to lance-shaped. The pink corolla has blunt lobes. The capsule is very small. The plant is 2-4 in. high, flowering from May to July, and is a perennial shrub.