This section is from the book "British Wild Flowers - In Their Natural Haunts Vol5-6", by A. R. Horwood. Also available from Amazon: A British Wild Flowers In Their Natural Haunts.
The habitat of this very rare plant is mountains. The plant has the rosette habit. The plant forms dense tufts. The short barren shoots are not longer than the flowering. The plant is clothed with globular, glandular hairs. The radical leaves are crowded, 3-5 lobed, blunt, beingfringed,wedge-shaped, thebasenot furrowed. The flowers are white, 1-5, the calyx-tube longer than broad, half-inferior, the sepals blunt, short, erect. The ovary is broad, rounded below. The anthers are long, heart-shaped, with an open notch. The capsule has spreading beaks. The plant is 1-4 in. high, flowering in May and June, and is a herbaceous perennial.
The stems of this species are viscid, close, forming a thick cushion. The leaves are persistent, deep green. The flowers are white. The anther-stalks turn purple. The plant is a herbaceous perennial, flowering in the summer.
Saxifraga sternbergii, Willd. (= S. hibernica, Hard.). - The habitat of this species is mountains. The habit is the rosette habit. The plant is robust. The stems are hairy. The barren shoots are long. The leaves are hairy with 3-5 blunt lobes. The sepals are oblong, ovate, blunt. The plant is 2-8 in. high.
The habitat of this plant is mountains. The plant has the cushion habit. The leaves are closely tufted. The barren shoots are long. The plant is pale-green. The lobes of the leaves are acute, 3-5. The sepals are oblong, lance-shaped, more or less acute. The plant is 2-4 in. high.
Saxifraga sponhemica, Gmel. (= 5. quinquefida, Haw. =S. hirta, Donn). - The habitat of this plant is mountains. The plant is rare. The plant has the rosette or cushion habit. The stems are erect, glandular, with few linear leaves. The leaves of the barren shoots are 3-5 lobed, broad-based, fringed with linear-acute lobes, few, 5-cleft. The flowers are white, 2-4. The calyx is half-inferior, deeply divided. The sepals are awl-like, triangular. The petals are oblong, 3-veined. The anthers are half as large as in C. ccespitosa. The capsule is spreading. The plant is in flower in July, is 1-3 in. high, and a herbaceous perennial.
The habitat of this plant is hilly subalpine rocks and mountains. The plant has the cushion or rosette habit. There are buds in the axils of the barren shoots. The flowering stems are stout or slender, leafy, the leaves linear, simple, broad or lobed, erect, the barren shoots long, prostrate, with the leaves entire or 3-cleft. The plant is hairless, or glandular hairy. The plant forms large loose tufts. The leaves are flat or channelled, entire, linear, acute, the radical leaves 3-5 cleft, the leaf-stalk broad with a flattened margin. The flowers are white, few or several, bell-shaped. The sepals are united above the middle. The calyx-tube is short, inversely conical, the calyx half-inferior, the sepals spreading, triangular to awl-like, or egg-shaped, acute. The capsule is not included in the calyx-tube, the beak nearly erect, the horns spreading at an obtuse angle. The plant is 2-12 in. high, flowering from May to July, and is a herbaceous perennial.