Family, Orchis. Color of sepals a dark purple, of petals greenish yellow. Lip, 3-divided, crested, expanded above, not much larger than the other two petals. Sepals, 2 inches long, thread-like. Flower, upon a long peduncle, solitary, terminating a stem, which is 10 to 12 inches high. Leaves, under the flower, in a whorl, pointed, sessile. No leaves lower down, but small bracts. Root of several small tubers. May and June.
Moist woods, Ontario to Wisconsin southward to Florida. Rare in northern New England, but not infrequent in Massachusetts and Connecticut. One of the curious orchids resembling an insect; a happy find to the explorer of cool, damp woods. (See illustration, p. 161.)
Whorled pogonia (Pogonia verticillata)