Low branching glabrous shrubs, with corky branches, opposite coriaceous evergreen leaves, and small axillary, solitary or clustered, perfect brownish flowers. Calyx-lobes 4, broad. Petals 4, spreading. Stamens 4, inserted beneath the disk; filaments longer than the anthers. Ovary immersed in the disk, 2-celled; ovules 2 in each cell, erect; style very short; stigma slightly 2-lobed. Capsule oblong, compressed, 2-celled, at length loculicidally dehiscent, 1-2-seeded. Seeds oblong with a white many-lobed aril at the base. [Greek, thick stigma.]

Two species, natives of North America. The typical P. Myrsinites (Pursh) Raf. occurs in the Rocky Mountains.

1. Pachystima Cánbyi A. Gray. Canby's Mountain Lover

Fig. 2801

P. Canbyi A. Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. 8: 623. 1873.

A shrub 4'-12' high, with decumbent rooting branches. Leaves linear-oblong, or slightly obovate, 3"-12" long, 1 1/2"-2" wide, obtuse at each end, very short-petioled, pale green, serrate, the margins revolute; peduncles 1-3-flowered, 2-bracted below the middle; pedicels slender, shorter than the leaves, 2-bracted near the base; calyx-lobes oval, about equalling the petals; capsule oblong, about 4" long and 2" in diameter, dehiscent at maturity.

On dry exposed rocks, mountains of Virginia and West Virginia. Rat-stripper. April-May.

1 Pachystima C Nbyi A Gray Canby s Mountain Lover 1143