This section is from the book "Sub-Alpine Plants Or Flowers Of The Swiss Woods And Meadows", by H. Stuart Thompson. Also available from Amazon: Sub-Alpine Plants: Or, Flowers of the Swiss Woods and Meadows.
This brilliant red, handsome Lily, with leafy stem and narrow linear leaves, is found in stony places in the Ligurian Alps as high as 6000 feet, but is never abundant. May to July.
Var, Basses-Alpes, Alpes-Maritimes, Piedmont.
This well-known deep orange Lily is chiefly a native of the warmer sub-alpine districts in the south, but in Switzerland it sometimes reaches 5300 feet. It is the variety of L. bulbiferum L. without bulbils. Both occur in Switzerland. June, July.
Jura, Switzerland, Western Alps, Corsica, Eastern France.
Flowers white, in a lax terminal raceme, on a leafless scape, springing from a tuberous rootstock. Sepals and petals distinct, spreading. Leaves narrow.
Stem 1-2 feet high, ending in a branched panicle. Peduncles pointed very near the base. Flowers distant, pure white, star-shaped. Leaves linear, channelled, shorter than the stem. Fruit globular, 3-celled.
Sunny hills and sufy-alpine slopes. May, June.
Central Europe; Taurus and Caucasus.
Stem unusually shorter, not branched. Flowers larger (1 inch across). Raceme simple. Peduncles jointed below the middle. Dry hills, mountains and sub-Alps; local. May, June.
1. GERANIUM SYLVATICUM.
2. PARADISIA LILIASTRUM.
3. ANTHERICUM LILIAGO.
4/7 NATURAL SIZE.
Central and Southern Europe, Asia Minor.
In Switzerland it often grows with Paradisia, but the latter is a more Alpine plant.
Stem 1-2 feet high, leafless, simple, 3-5 flowered. Leaves linear, radical, slightly furrowed. Flowers shortly stalked in a loose raceme, very large (2 inches), pure white, and like those of a Lily, but more delicate. Perianth 6-lobed, funnel-shaped.
Pastures of the Alps and sub-Alps; scarce. June, July.
Alps, Jura, Pyrenees, Spain and Portugal, Italy.
A remarkable plant, 6-10 inches high, tufted and with hard root-stock and fibrous roots. Stem naked, slender, rush-like. Leaves reduced to scaly sheaths at the base of the stem. Flowers blue, rarely white, star-shaped, with 6 spreading segments united at the base into a tube. Stamens unequal, inserted near the base of the petals, with glabrous filiform filaments. Stigma trifid. Capsules within a scaly involucre, trigonous, acuminate.
Dry, hilly places in the South, especially on limestone. April to June.
Southern France, Pyrenees, Spain and Portugal, N. Italy; N. Africa.
Not strictly sub-alpine, this pretty little plant ascends to about 2000 feet on the Col di Tenda and on limestone hills in the south of France. See note by the author in Gard. Chron., March 16th, 1912.