"The Cypresses, to which this genus belongs, are low, evergreen trees, natives of Europe, Asia, and North America, and remarkable for their spiry form, and the closeness of grain, and the durability of their wood. They have roundish, or polyhedral cones, called galboles, and small, imbricated, scale-like, four-rowed leaves. By the ancients the cypress was considered an emblem of immortality; with-the moderns, it is em-blematical of sadness and mourning.
'Dark tree! still sad, when others' grief is fled, The only constant mourner of the dead.' - Byron.
"Cupressus thyoides. - The White Cedar. - This is always a graceful and beautiful tree. Even when growing- in its native swamps, hemmed in on all sides, and struggling for existence, the top, and branches too, near the top, will be marked by a characteristic elegance of shape, which no other of the family possesses. ' It is entirely free from the stiffness of the Pines, and to the spiry top of the Poplar, and the grace of the Cypress, it unites the airy lightness of the Hemlock. The White Cedar connects the Arbor Vitae with the Cypresses. It has the characters of both; the scale-like, imbricate leaves and fan-shaped branches of the former, and the lofty, port and globular, or many-sided, fruit of the latter." - (Emerson.)
We are not aware that this beautiful native tree has been cultivated for ornamental purposes; we see no reason why it should not. It may be easily raised from seed, which require eighteen months, if planted in autumn, to vegetate. From its dense mass of thick foliage, it will make a fine protecting screen, whether grown as a hedge or as a belt of trees.
Cupressus sempervir ens. - The Common Cypress of Europe. - "This is a tall, graceful, plume-shaped tree, the common and suitable ornament for burying places on the Levant; succeeds in the open air in various parts of Britain, and would probably succeed in sheltered places here."