Viburnum opulus. - Snowball Garden Rose. - This elegant shrub is a common ornament of the garden, producing large white bunches of flowers like those of the Hydrangea; grouped with the Laburnum, purple and white Lilacs, double-flowering Thorns, etc., it has a fine effect; in flower the last of May and June; eight or ten feet high; propagated from suckers, layers, and cuttings.
Viburnum lentago. - Sweet Viburnum. - A native species of great beauty. Mr. Emerson describes it as a "beautiful small tree, rising to the height of fifteen to twenty feet, with rich foliage, and clothed, in June, with a profusion of delicate, showy flowers." The flowers are produced in terminal cymes, and from them a very agreeable fragrance is diffused. "There is a softness and richness about the flowers and foliage of the Sweet Viburnum, which distinguish it above all others of the same genus. It is hardly less beautiful in fruit, from the profusion of the rich blue berries hanging down among the curled leaves, which are beginning to assume the beautiful hues of autumn. A tree of this kind makes a fine appearance at the angle of a walk, or in the corner of a garden, as its delicacy invites a near approach, and rewards examination. With this delicacy of appearance, it is a hardy plant, and may sometimes be seen on the bleak hillside, where it has encountered the north-west stormy winds for a score of years."
We think this Viburnum much more desirable than the
304 breck's cook of flowers.
common Snowball. As it is found growing in uplands, no doubt it will flourish in any garden loam, and propagated the same as the Snowball.
We have a number of other species, which would well repay cultivation. Most of them would require the same treatment as the Azalea, and that class of plants, as they are found in swamps and woods. Some of them are very beautiful, viz., V. dentatum, nudum, acerifolium, etc.
Viburnum lantanoides. - Wayfaring Tree, Hobble Bush. - This fine native plant " received its specific name, lantanoides, from its resemblance to the English Wayfaring Tree, V. lantana, the tree which William addresses, when he says: 'Wayfaring Tree ! what ancient claim Hast thou to that right pleasant name ? ***** Whate'er it be, I love it well, - A name, methinks, that surely fell From poet, in some evening dell, Wandering with fancies sweet.'
"That tree rises to the height of eighteen or twenty feet, and has an ample head of white flowers. Ours, less fortunate in its name, is a stout, low bush, found in dark, rocky woods, and making a show, in such solitary places, of a broad head of flowers, the marginal ones often an inch across." * * * "The leaves are from four to six inches in length and breadth, roundish, heart-shaped at base, ending in a short, abrupt point, and unequally serraue on the margin. They are smooth above, but beneath downy on the veins, which are thereby rendered strikingly distinct. * * * The fruit is ovate, large, of bright crimson color, turning afterwards almost black." - Em-erson.) The first time we beheld this crooked, straggling shrub, in flower, in its native haunts, a dark swamp, we thought it one of the most ornamental shrubs of the country. It is certainly worthy of a place in every collection of shrubs. It will no doubt succeed with the same treatment as the Rhododen dron, or Azalea, and may be propagated by seeds, layers, or cuttings.
V. oxycoccus. - Cranberry Tree, High Cranberry. - "A handsome low tree, five to ten feet in height, ornamented throughout the year with flowers, or fruit. In May, or early in June, it spreads open, at the end of every branch, a broad cyme of soft, delicate flowers, surrounded by an irregular circle of snow-white stars, scattered, apparently, for show. The fruit, which is red when ripe, is of a pleasant acid taste, resembling cranberries, for which it is sometimes substituted." This shrub is said to be the parent of the Guelder Rose or Snowball, V, opulus. Mr. Emerson calls this, V. opztlus, and the Snowball a variety, between which, according to Drs. Tor-rey and Grey, there is no essential difference. It is one of our handsomest native shrubs.
V. macrocephalum. - Great-clustered Snowball. - "This is a new and splendid species, that has not been much, if any, cultivated in this country. M. Van Houtte describes it as found growing in the gardens about Chusan, China, where it forms a shrub, or tree, twenty feet high. It flowers every year, in May, producing its enormous clusters, which equal those of the old garden Snowball, or 'Guelder Rose,' in purity of color, and far eclipses them in size and beauty. Each blossom is more than an inch across, and the clusters measure eight or ten inches in diameter. The leaves are regularly oval, with short petioles, and about three inches long. It flourishes, in the open border, in the same soil as the common Snowball; and M. Van Houtte considers it one of the most beautiful additions to the shrubbery." - (Downing.)