This section is from the book "The Manufacture Of Liquors, Wines, And Cordials, Without The Aid Of Distillation", by Pierre Lacour. Also available from Amazon: Manufacture of Liquors, Wines, and Cordials, Without the Aid of Distillation.
This is one variety of gin that is obtained by the distillation of juniper berries with spirit free from grain oil. The imitation of this article, is prepared as follows - in quantities of five gallons:
No. 1. - Take of neutral spirit, five gallons; honey, four pints; orange flower water, two pints; English oil of juniper, thirty drops. Dissolve the honey in the orange flower water, and the oil in two ounces of hot alcohol, then add, and shake up well; then add, finely powdered, four drachms each of alum and dried potash, for finings. Allow it to stand for twenty-four hours, and then bottle.
No. 2. - Neutral spirit, five gallons; orange flower water, one pint; English oil of juniper, forty drops; honey, five pints; nitric ether, one ounce; Dissolve the honey in three pints of clear water, and the oil of juniper in the nitric ether, and mix the whole well together, and if it is not perfectly transparent, fine with alum and potash, as above. If the honey is warmed and strained, the finings can be dispensed with, which would be desirable.
No. 3 - Neutral spirit, five gallons; honey, three pints; water, two pints; orange flower water, one pint; oil of juniper, thirty-five drops; acetic acid, two ounces. Dissolve the "honey in the water, and the oil in six ounces of alcohol; add the acid first and then the orange flower water, and agitate well, then add the honey and oil of juniper.
The neutral spirit contemplated in these receipts, should be entirely free of all impurities, such as grain oil or any acrimonious substances, or when it is drunk, there should be no roughness, acridness, or bitter ness, left in the throat or about the roots of the tongue; the spirit should be perfectly limpid - clear - transparent; and the honey should be as near transparent as possible, rendered so by warming and straining. The warming renders the honey so per' fectly fluid, that it can be strained through fine muslin.
The objection to the use of the potash and alum, as fining, are that the potash is liable to attach to oil of juniper and saponify it, and also it leaves, in some instances, where the spirit is low proof, a somewhat disagreeable taste. This must be obvious, as the alum and potash combine with the water in the spirit.
No. 4 - Neutral spirit, five gallons; refined sugar, four pounds; water, two pints; spirit of nutmegs, two pints; rose water, one pint; English oil of juniper, forty drops. Dissolve the sugar in the water, and add the two pints of spirit of nutmegs; this spirit is formed by digesting four ounces of bruised nutmegs in two pints of clear spirit for four days, and straining. - Dissolve the juniper oil in two ounces of alcohol, then mix by agitation.
The spirit used for making this gin, should contain about fifty to fifty-two per cent, of alcohol.
No.5 - Neutral spirit, five gallons; honey, four pints; water, three pints; orange flower water, one pint; rose water, one-half pint; oil of juniper, fifty drops; alcohol, two ounces. Dissolve the honey in the water, and the oil of juniper in the alcohol, and then mix the whole well together.
When this gin is prepared on an extensive scale, the starch filtration, for giving a body to the spirit, can be resorted to, which will economize an immense quantity of honey or sugar.
1. Common gin, five gallons; strained honey, four pints; sulphuric acid, two drachms; spirit of nutmegs, one pint; spirit of nitric ether, one ounce; clear water, three pints. Mix the honey and water, and add to the gin the sulphuric acid. - The spirit of nutmegs is formed by digesting three ounces of bruised nutmegs in a pint of the gin for five days, then strain and add with the ether.
2. Common gin, thirty gallons; strained honey, four and a half gallons; clear water, two gallons; sulphuric acid, one ounce; sweet spirits of nitre, eight ounces; spirit of nitric ether, three ounces; acetic ether, two ounces; oil of wintergreen, ten drops, dissolved in the acetic ether. Dissolve the honey in the water, and then add all of the articles to the spirit. If this should appear somewhat cloudy or heavy in color, fine with two ounces each of alum and potash, dried by the heat of the fire sufficiently to admit of being finely powdered.
The above is really a fine gin, and cheaply made, of a fine body and luscious taste. The gin used should be free from all disagreeable tastes.