Many things and substances are recommended for the destruction of injurious insects. Pliny says that the Romans used citron to preserve their woolen garments from moths. We have found that the insects which injure furs, feathers, and woolen goods may be destroyed by the Indian chestnut, cloves, walnut leaves, or common salt. Still more useful as preservatives are cedar chips, pepper, and camphor (in large pieces, for when broken it loses strength).
Whatever the remedy selected, it is necessary in the first place to carefully shake, beat and brush the furs (against the grain), and all other articles which are to be put away when the season is over. They should then be sprinkled with pepper or camphor, and wrapped in a cloth which has been washed in lye water. Close the parcel care-ully, and place in a chest into which some insect powder has been sprinkled. It is well to put away feathers in empty cigar boxes.
If one owns a cedar chest, or has closets Which are wainscoted with cedar, it is suf-438 ficient to hang up the articles after having well brushed and shaken them.
Other methods may be employed to get get of moths. A liquor of one quart of alcohol and the same quantity of essence of turpentine, and sixty-five grammes of camphor, is sometimes used. This should be kept in an earthenware jug, and well shaken before using. When the winter garments are put away, soak pieces of blotting paper in the liquid, and scatter among the furs and flannels, which should be rolled up in white cloths. Place one layer at the bottom, one above the article, and one at each side.
If one has no such chest, then, after having shaken and brushed the articles, fold them separately in linen paper, sprinkle with pepper and camphor, roll each parcel in newspaper, do the package up in white cloth, and hang in a closet or dark room.
Clean furs by rubbing them against the grain with heated bran. Use magnesia for white furs.