Half a pound of yellow soap, I lb. of soda, 1/4 lb. of lime, to three quarts of boiling water; let the lime and water remain all night; boil the soda and soap to a paste in three pints of clean water; when boiling, put the lime water to it. Soak the clothes and towels over night; wring them out and put them into the boiler with from half to one pound of soap; boil twenty minutes, then rinse them out.
Pour over a quarter of a pound of chloride of lime one gallon of boiling water. Let it stand two days, stirring it occasionally; then pour it clear off, and bottle it for use. When required, add half a pint to a quart or three pints of cold spring water. Wash your clothes well, and rinse it from the soap; then put it into the above, and let it steep for a few hours; pass it through clean water, and you will find the colour much improved.
Quarter of a pound of refined borax to five gallons of water; powder the borax; dissolve it in boiling water in the above proportion, and use. It is an excellent bleacher, and may be used for the most delicate laces even; it also saves soap.
A little pipeclay dissolved in the hot water cleans very dirty linen with half the soap required without it.
Mix soft-soap, powdered starch, half as much salt, and the juice of a lemon. Paint both sides of the linen with a brush; put it out on the grass till the stain comes out.
Gutta-percha clothes lines are stronger and much more durable than common cord. They can, moreover, be cleaned, and are not affected by wet. When the clothes line is done with, a little hot water will convert the material into a soap-bowl.
Hold them in milk that is boiling on the fire, and they will soon dis~ appear.
Make a solution of white soap; let the veil simmer in it for a quarter of an hour; squeeze in warm water and soap till it is clean; rinse it in cold water, in which put a drop of blue water.
Pour boiling water on a teaspoon-ful of starch; run the veil through this, and clear by clapping it. Pin it out on a cloth or a cushion, very evenly, by the edges to dry.
Wet the spots and lay on them some salt of sorrel, rub it, but do not wet it again. Then wash it out.
(See also Linen Closet).
Put a little bran into lukewarm water; wash quickly through; rinse in cold water also quickly. Hang to dry in a room without fire or sunshine. Iron with not too hot an iron. Use no soap.
The colour of mauve or violet may be preserved by putting a little soda in the water. Green can be kept by putting alum in the water; ox-gall also preserves the colours. But if coloured prints continue wet too long, nothing can save the colours from running. They must be done quickly and not let lie in the water.
Mix with the starch half its weight of whiting. It answers also for lace flounces.
Or: - Dissolve half an ounce of sal-ammoniac in the rinsing water.
Alum also answers the purpose.
The sawdust of pine and fir trees will do quite as well as soap for washing coarse linen.
Tungstate of soda, prepared expressly for rendering fabrics non-inflammable, can be obtained by order, of any chemist for about 1s. per pound. Directions for use: To three parts of dry starch add one part of tungstate of soda, and use the starch in the ordinary way. If the material does not require starching, mix in the proportions of one pound of tungstate of soda to two gallons of water; well saturate the fabric with this solution, and dry it. The heat of the iron in no way affects the non-inflammability. Or, dip in a solution of chloride of zinc.
For Blonde use fine soap, very slightly; wash it gently in water in which a little stone blue is dissolved; when clean, dry it; then dip it in thin gum water; dry it again in linen, and iron it flat; if washed finally in water in which a lump of sugar is dissolved, it will have the face of new blonde.
Dissolve some salts of tartar in hot water. Put in the lace, and let it remain to soak for about half an hour. Then take it out of the water, and squeeze it dry.
The salts of tartar must be used when bought to prevent them melting away.
Blonde net or tulle may be washed in the same manner.