Have all ingredients very cold. Into a pound of flour chop three-quarters of a cup of firm, cold butter. When the flour is like a coarse powder stir into it a small cupful of iced water. With a spoon mix together, then turn upon a floured pastry-board, roll out quickly and lightly, fold and roll out again. Set the pastry on the ice until chilled through, roll out and line a pie-dish with it. Before filling the pastry shell with fruit, or other material of which the pie is to be made, wash over the lower crust with the unbeaten white of an egg, and, when the filling is put in, set the pie immediately in an oven that is as hot at the bottom as at the top. The oven must be hot and steady.

A Good Puff Paste

Into a half-pound of flour chop six ounces of firm, cold butter, and, when like a coarse powder, wet with a small cupful of iced water. Stir to a paste and turn upon a chilled board. Roll out quickly and lightly, handling as little as possible. Fold and roll out three times, then set on the ice for several hours before making into pies. Always bake pastry in a very hot oven.

Family Pie Crust

Sift a quart of flour three times with one teaspoonful of baking-powder. Chop into it two tablespoonfuls of cottolene or other fat until it is like granulated dust. Wet with iced water into a stiff dough, handling as little as you can, using a wooden spoon until it is too stiff to manage. Turn upon a floured board and roll out thin. Have ready two tablespoonfuls of firm butter, and with this dot the paste in rows one inch apart, using one tablespoonful of butter. Roll up the sheet of paste, inclosing the butter; beat flat with the rolling-pin, and roll out as before. Use the other tablespoonful of butter in dotting this sheet, sprinkle lightly with flour, and roll up tightly. Give a blow or two of the pin to hold it in fold, and set on the ice until you are ready to use it - all night if you like. It is better for three or four hours' chilling.

Butter the pie-plates, lay the crust lightly within them; pinch the edges to hinder it from "crawling" while baking, fill with fruit, or whatever else is to go into them. If this is to be what a witty editor designates as "the kivered pie which stands high in the royal family of Pie," lay the paste neatly over the filling, trim off ragged edges, and press or print down the edges.

A North Carolina man thus separates the "royal family" aforesaid: "There are three varieties: kivered, unkivered and barred."

The New York editor, just quoted, says of the "kivered" variety:

"Its triumphant composition requires of the artist higher qualities of head and heart, a more delicate touch, a higher strain of genius, a sublimer imagination, than the composition of the unkivered, or the barred. There must be magic in the upper crust of it. Ah! that delicious, finely-flaking upper crust, designed by a deep-revolving brain and fashioned by a sensitive hand, a pate Queen Mab would be glad to nibble!"

On the other hand, a New Orleans knight of the pen boldly defines the kivered pie as "distinctively a product of New England civilization, that has no place in simpler and more democratic states. Descendants of the men who made the charge up King's Mountain, the Majuba Hill of this continent, take their pie unkivered. They will not touch the kivered abomination!"