When the water bottle or glass pitcher becomes discolored, soak in ammonia water, or in water with a little baking soda, and rub the spots with baking soda. Alcohol is better than ammonia to moisten the whiting for cleaning silver, because the ammonia is apt to dissolve off a portion of the silver. Better use whiting or powdered chalk than many of the silver polishes, as the silver is injured less. To remove egg stains from silver, rub with salt on a moist cloth. Whiting, or very fine sand, with a neutral soap, is good for cleaning tinware. To prevent iron utensils rusting while not in use, coat with kerosene and lamp-black.
The cloth that the dishes are washed with should never be left wet or hung under the sink, but should be rinsed out and dried at once, - in the sunshine, if possible. Once a week it should be boiled in soapsuds after washing well, and then dried.
For tea towels, linen crash is probably the best, because it absorbs water well, and is easily laundered. But muslin flour sacks, hemmed, will serve the purpose very well if laundered each week before too much soiled. The cloths for wiping ironware, such as kettles, bread pans, etc., should be made of crash, because it is so difficult to wash the stains from them. The iron must be wiped, because, if left to dry on the range, it may become rough. There should be cloths of some soft material for lifting things about the range. When an iron or granite ware kettle has had something burned in it, it should have some water and a little washing soda or concentrated lye put into it, and be allowed to stand where it will keep warm for a while, then the water should be poured off, and the burned portion of the kettle scraped with an oyster shell, a wire dish washer, or something of the kind. It should then be rinsed with clear water, washed and rubbed with a cloth on which a little sapolio has been placed by rubbing the cloth over the cake.
To prevent omelet pans sticking, rub with salt. When onions or cabbage have been cooked in a kettle, it should be filled with water after washing, and a little washing soda or lye added and allowed to boil, and afterwards washed well and wiped. This will remove odor.
Wooden articles should be soaked with water as little as possible in washing, and dried in a gentle heat. If placed near the fire they are very apt to crack.
Steel knives and forks should be cleaned with brick dust after each meal. The cut surface of a raw potato is a good thing to rub them with, as it keeps constantly moist. A piece of cork is also good. After scouring, wash in soapsuds and wipe dry.
The garbage pail should be washed after each meal, and scrubbed each laundry day.