This section is from the book "Commercial Gardening Vol3", by John Weathers (the Editor). Also available from Amazon: Commercial Gardening, A Practical & Scientific Treatise For Market Gardeners.
This is a favourite old apple. It should be gathered about Michaelmas, and may be fit to send to market a little before Cox's Orange. It will not pay for the sorting and selecting that is done in the case of the Cox's. It will crop heavily, and, if kept a little, will come to colour even in cold soils, although it is liable to canker. It is a sure bearer on the Paradise. Mr. Bunyard says in Kent it is the practice to prune this sort heavily and feed liberally, and that for this treatment it pays.
This is a Scotch Apple of quite recent introduction, and well worth the market grower's attention. On the Paradise the tree is healthy and vigorous, showing- no inclination to canker. It came into bearing the first year after planting, and so far has not missed in the experimental plantation from which the photograph was taken (see Plate). That Mr. Bunyard describes it as an early Cox's Orange is sufficient certificate of quality. On strong land the fruit is apt to come rather large for the table, but this is a fault that may be remedied as the tree gathers age. Its season for ripening is late September.
Many would consider a list of the market varieties of the table apples incomplete without this one. It is an old variety, ripening in August. It makes a good tree on the half-standard, and, when established, bears well, but does not come into bearing quickly. Its fault is a liability to drop without any notice just before it is decided to gather it.
This is an apple much grown in Middlesex. It is a medium-sized fruit, of bright-red colour and pleasant flavour. The tree is a sure bearer after it is twenty years old. The fruit will not colour if gathered before ripening; as soon as it is coloured it drops. The practice is to mulch the soil beneath the trees with litter and let the fruit drop; this, however, will not do where Gooseberries are planted as the under crop.
This old favourite still finds a place in some market gardens on the Paradise stock, on which it crops fairly well on warm lands, and keeps fairly free from canker. Its position has been quite usurped by the Cox's Orange Pippin.
This little early Apple has been much boomed by some tree raisers, and in consequence it has been planted by some market growers. It is much to be doubted whether any of them will give it a good character. If it would only bear enough fruit, its earliness, attractive appearance, and most acceptable flavour would make it a favourite.
This is a valuable Apple for cold heavy soils where hardly any other Apple will do. It is an " every other yearer". On the Crab as a half-standard it makes a magnificent spreading healthy tree, free from canker, and appears to be able to take care of itself against any pest. It requires plenty of space. Its fruit ripens in November, and will come to maturity after being gathered. It is something like the " King of the Pippins" in appearance and flavour. After the first year or two the tree needs little pruning. [w. g. l.]
An early Apple found in many Middlesex market gardens. It ripens at the end of July and early in August, the fruit being of medium size, prominently ribbed from the eye to the base, and pale yellowish in colour when ripe. Good for dessert or cooking. It crops heavily, and is best as a bush.
When established, this fine cooking and table apple may be relied on for cropping, and if afforded plenty of space, established trees will yield anything from 4 to 20 bus. of fruit. This is large, roundish, and regular in shape, yellow and streaked with red, and of excellent flavour. Selected fruits fetch high prices. Season, November to February.
Fig. 339. - Apple. Irish Peach. (1/2).
A fine variety of the Cox's Orange Pippin breed, in season from November to February. The fruit varies from medium to large, roundish conical in shape, yellowish streaked with red. It is a heavy cropper on good soil, the only argument against it being that it is apt to become too large for a dessert fruit.