A splendid evergreen shrub, closely related to the Ash and Privet, 6-10 ft. high, from Asia Minor, with deep-green leathery Laurel-like leaves 4 to 6 in. long. The small white flowers are sometimes succeeded by reddish-purple Olive-like fruits. The plants flourish in good loamy soil, and are chiefly increased by layering, but grafting on the Privet stock is also practised. Other species are angusti-folia, 6-10 ft., with several forms; latifolia, 20-30 ft., with varieties ilicifolia and rotundifolia; and media, 10-15 ft., with several varieties - all natives of South Europe.