This section is from the book "Commercial Gardening Vol4", by John Weathers (the Editor). Also available from Amazon: Commercial Gardening, A Practical & Scientific Treatise For Market Gardeners.
Besides budding and grafting, and cuttings of the ripened shoots in October and November, Roses may also be propagated during the summer months from eyes. These are selected from mature shoots of the current year, and those near the base showing signs of sprouting are selected. They are detached as if for budding, but a pair of basal leaflets are allowed to remain. The buds are then inserted in moist sandy soil, and kept close and shaded for some time, until roots are emitted, after which they may be given plenty of light and air, and in due course be potted up. Fig. 442 shows how the cuttings from eyes are made.