This well-known ornamental British tree, with very pithy wood, gracefully cut leaves, and flat trusses of pure-white flowers, has many varieties, of which laciniata, with very deeply cut leaves, and aurea, the "Golden Elder", with golden foliage, are the best. There is also a silvery variegated form, and another (levucocarpa) with creamy-coloured instead of deep-purple berries. The common kind is easily raised from seeds and grows in any soil. Special varieties are grafted on it. 8. racemosa, 10-20 ft., has scarlet berries and graceful foliage.