JUST inside the edging of the principal beds of the flower garden, shown in the plan on pages 364 and 365, Narcissi of the following varieties should be established:

The Best Perennials For The Garden 90


Bicolour Empress

Golden Spur

Sir Watkin Von Sion

Intersperse among the Narcissi a few Jonquils; they come into bloom a little earlier. Plant the large bulbs four inches apart, the small ones one; they will grow into each other in a year or so and form a permanent, supplementary border. When the bulbs have ripened the leaves will begin to fade, and should then be cut off; but if removed earlier the bulbs will suffer. In the round bed use Narcissus poeticus and poeticus ornatus in the same way. The two are identical in shape and colour, but one variety comes into bloom much earlier than the other. In the Fall, when the garden has been cleaned up and all the transplanting done, plant in the main beds a few clumps of Ges-neriana, Blushing Bride and Bouton D'Or Tulips, which may be left like the Narcissi. These Tulips flower towards the end of May and are extremely beautiful, the immense cups being borne on very long stems. Gesneriana is rich red in colour, with a dark blue or purple base, and is the progenitor of all the May Flowering, or Cottage Garden Tulips. Blushing Bride is pink, shaded with white, and Bouton D'Or yellow.

These Tulips and the Bi-zarres and Bybloems are really the only ones worth bothering about in the garden, and a few of them will give more pleasure than thousands of the double or early flowering sorts, which have to be renewed every year. The round bed and path compose, the Court of Honour of the garden, and there should be placed some of the old-fashioned flowers or those that sentiment and superstition have made endearing. At the four corners of the path that enter the Court Peonies should be planted. They are older than gardens and were the mainstay of many a blooming New England yard. And Roses; plant there the Cabbage and the Damask Roses, or the Musk Rose that exhales its perfume on the evening air. Cinnamon and June Roses are good garlands for the Court of Honour. Peonies and Roses should not be far separated in the new garden, for in the old they went hand in hand, blooming fragrantly in June. The old double Peonies are the best, the rose-red, the pink or white. Not that the new Japanese single and semi-double varieties are not beautiful; they are, but somehow they do not look like the Peonies one has been used to for so long. Peonies should be moved in the Fall and you must not expect much from the following Spring's bloom, if it comes at all.

They can be established and will bloom in the shade. The foliage is very clean and free from insects and blight, and aside from all sentiment the Peony is a refreshing ornament to the garden.

Garden Path with Sundial.

Garden Path with Sundial.

In the Court of Honour Bleeding Heart (Dicentra dielytra) should be given a prominent position, for although it is not so very old the gardens of our daddies knew it. It is the Chinese for Dutchman's Breeches, the little plant that carpets the woods in May with which we are all familiar; it was introduced into English gardens in 1846 and spread rapidly. Here Violets may be planted (Viola odor-ata), or cheerful clumps of Pansies; and Lady Slipper, Marigold, Lemon Verbena and Rose Geranium. It is a good place, too, for Snowdrops, Scilla, Dog Tooth Violet and Forget-me-not, which may be placed on the garden side of the circular path and will not interfere with the general planting.

Around the Box in the circular bed establish Larkspur, which will be well shown against the dark green foliage. The rest of the bed may be given over to Pansies and White Lily (Lilium candidum). The matted foliage and bright flowers of the Heartsease will make a good carpet for the long-stemmed Lilies; and if the bloom is kept well picked it will last into late Summer. A few clumps of white and pink Phlox should also be placed in this bed to keep it in colour until frost. Pinch back the Phlox so that it will be late coming into flower. In this bed a few annuals may be introduced later in the season to take the place of the waning blooms: Zinnias or Marigolds or Stocks.

Phlox of all Colours in the Garden; July.

Phlox of all Colours in the Garden; July.

Below are given the most important hardy herbaceous plants and bulbs, and their best colours for use in the garden, with descriptions of each and suggestions for cultivating and planting.

For the benefit of greedy and insatiable gardeners another list of perennials, and some good annuals, may be found in the following chapter.

Peonies; pink, white, rose-red.

German Iris; purple and deep yellow or golden.

Japanese Iris; all the colours are desirable.

Digitalis (Foxglove); purple, white.

Dianthus Barbatus (Sweet William); single, double and auricula flowered; all colours.

Delphinium (Larkspur); formosum, elatum, English hybrids.

Hollyhock; single and semi-double; all colours.

Phlox; all colours but purple-red.

Dahlias; show and cactus.

Lilies; L. candidum, L. Philadelphicum; L. umbcllatum; L. Canadense; L. tigrinwn L. au-ratum.

Campanula (Canterbury Bell); rotundifolia; pyramidalis.

Hemerocallis (Day Lily); /lava; fulva.

Funkia; Grandiflora; G. alba.