By the time these remarks appear, transplanting operations will not be much more than commenced in many places; for though November is the most favourable month for moving most kinds of fruit-trees, it brings so many duties of its own that such work cannot always be proceeded with.

What we have got to say, therefore, on the above subject, may not be inapplicable in some circumstances, and may possibly help to dispel the doubts of some one who contemplates similar operations.

In 1867 we wished to move between forty and fifty Apple and Pear trees from different parts of the garden, in order to arrange them in a more systematic way, and also to induce fruitfulness. As far as we could ascertain, one lot of the trees must have been planted about twenty years; the others perhaps about thirty or thirty-five years, judging from the thickness of the stems and branches. In November we had the borders where they were to be planted thoroughly trenched, and in December we commenced lifting. The appearance of the roots of the first tree, when taken up, was of a kind to raise doubts of ultimate success, as, owing apparently to the trees never having been root-pruned since they were first planted, no such thing as fibrous roots were to be found within a radius of 5 feet from the stem, - nothing, indeed, but long bare sticks, that penetrated far into the stiff loam. It was necessary, however, to go through with the job at all hazards, so the roots were chopped off about 4 feet from the stem, and lipped about every 9 inches with a knife, to induce the making of rootlets in greater quantity.

January saw them all transferred to their new quarters, and mulched thickly as a protection against frost in winter and drought in summer; and but for this precaution, I do believe not one of the trees would have been alive at the present time. 1868, as every one will remember, was from April excessively hot and dry: it was especially so in this district, and aggravated in our own case in consequence of alterations going on in our water supply necessitating an almost empty reservoir, so that the transplanted trees were almost dependent on the mulching alone, which just enabled them to retain their vitality throughout the summer, and nothing more. Towards the end of May, four or five trees out of the lot put feebly forth a few leaves at the points of the shoots, which in a few weeks shrivelled up; and these few trees died, or were, at least, so far gone at the end of the season as to be worthless, and were taken up and replaced. "With the exception of these, none of the other trees put forth a leaf during the whole summer; nor could I say that even the buds moved perceptibly, but remained perfectly dormant, and the trees naked and leafless from November 1867 till the spring of 1869, thereby actually losing a year of their existence.

Their forlorn appearance attracted more attention than was altogether agreeable. Professionals wagged their heads over them in a discouraging manner; but still, though the bark on the branches shrunk visibly, sections of the buds showed that vitality was still there, so we did not despair; and we felt more comfortable when the fall of the leaves in autumn made the trees in question less conspicuous.

In winter we examined the roots, and found that they had made a considerable quantity of fibres, though the branches had made no leaves. By June following all the trees were clothed pretty luxuriautly with foliage; and though they made no shoots, they made a perfect spray of fruit-buds all over, which resulted in a good crop of Apples last year. Some of them have borne famously this season again, and all the trees are now in vigorous health and good bearing condition. So far as my experiences goes, I believe it is not frequent that deciduous trees remain dormant a whole season after transplanting and live. In the above instance I imagine the excessively dry summer to have been the chief cause - assisted, no doubt, by the crippled condition of the roots, unavoidably caused in lifting them. J. S.


[We once transplanted some large scarlet Thorns which remained dormant a season, exactly as Mr S. describes in the case of the Apple and Pear trees. - Ed].