This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V26", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
We have often expressed surprise that persons will sit down and write an article for an hour to show that two halves of a bud cannot be united and made to grow by budding or grafting, rather than spend ten minutes in testing the matter by experience. It is now some years since by direction of the Editor of this jour-gal, twelve single-eyed grafts, six of Baldwin and six of Rhode Island Greening, were split, and one-half of each used for a single graft, and three of these split grafts grew. Though we have read no end of "impossible" papers on the subject, we have only now to record the first instance of an actual experiment, which we find recorded by a correspondent of the London Journal of Horticulture:
"A bud is virtually a single parent cell in its winter costume, with its spring ration enclosed. These bud cells may be split, and the halves of different ones united, thus mixing their contents as effectually as in hybridizing. Mr. Meehan assures us that he has done it. During the last season I split the buds of several kinds of apples and united them, and have three united buds living. I cannot tell what kind of fruit they will bear, but I know that halves of different buds united and grew well. This is a union of different cells, and I see no reason why their substance did not unite to form a parent cell which multiplied itself to build up the shoots just as any other cell does, and I cannot see why it will not be a mixed or hybrid wood, and bear a mixed or hybrid fruit. If so, I shall not call it a sport, but a graft hybrid. And such are all sports. They are hybrids resulting from the union of different cells".