This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V26", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
"I would be much obliged to you, if you can give me the following information:
"Is the vine cultivated in Pennsylvania; in which part of the State; and is it with purpose of making wine?
"Is the vine contaminated by phylloxera?
"What means have been used in order to prevent or abate it? "I have to make a report about that matter to my Government, and all the information you will be kind enough to give me will be very useful in this circumstance. Yours very truly, " The V. Consul for France at Philadelphia".
[The Phylloxera of the grape vine, is an American insect, which has perhaps for untold ages, been feeding on the American species of grape vine; but, for reasons which we need not here follow, it is not seriously injurious to these vines. But the European grape - belonging to another species - is not able to withstand the attacks of the insect as the American species of vine can; and this is the reason why, in America, there is no serious trouble to the cultivator from Phylloxera, while the European vineyards are almost totally destroyed when the insect gets among them.
The grape is cultivated very largely about Reading, and other places in the State of Pennsylvania-both for wine making and for other purposes and the Phylloxera is found abundantly everywhere. No means are employed against it, because it is no serious injury; but it must be re-memembered, as already stated, that the grape cultivated is of the American and not the European species. All attempts to succeed with the European grape in Pennsylvania during the past one hundred years, have failed, as it is now believed from injury through Phylloxera.
As the insect is already in Europe, it is of no use for the French Government to embarrass trade by laws against its introduction. The best course is to encourage the introduction of the American species of vine to France, and the grafting of the European grape thereon. This has been going on to a great extent among commercial men who have come to understand the case; and we suggest that instead of a large force of officials at French seaports to examine introductions for signs of the Phylloxera, the money spent on a free distribution of seeds of American native grapes, would be far more advantageous to French viticultural interests. - Ed. G. M].