In the April uumber of the Monthly, I gave some figures of locust timber on the farm of Isaac G. Smock, near Holmdel, in Monmouth county, New Jersey, and I promised to give some additional facts of the growth of locust trees on the same farm.

It is proper to state here that the first planting of locust on this property was made about sixty years ago by the father of the present owner. Small trees (mostly sprouts, growing up near old trees) were set at wide intervals on the banks and sides of ravines where the surface was too uneven and steep for profitable tillage. The few scattering trees thus early planted, were cut for fencing timber at intervals, as needed, from 1869 to 1878. With them there had grown up many trees of later planting, and also many of natural growth, sprouts from the older trees. The cuttings in 1869, and on to 1878, removed nearly all, and left the ground in condition for a second growth. The sprouts came up so as to occupy all of the broken land, and cover it with a luxuriant crop of locust. And now about all of the untillable land on the farm proper, is thus covered. Of course in the struggle for existence a large number of trees have died. But in the area cut over in 1869 nearly all of the trees now standing will attain size large enough to make posts. A recent count of the thrifty trees on a half acre, representative of the whole, showed that there were 246 trees, or nearly 500 to an acre. Their average height is 40 feet.

A careful estimate of the quantity of fence-posts which they would yield, gave four garden posts per tree, equivalent to 2,000 on an acre, and valued at $400, and representing the product of the land for a period of nineteen years. Of course it would be better to defer cutting for about twenty years, when the trees would have reached a more mature growth, and when their size will fit them for more valuable uses, and when the product per acre will bring a larger value.

When it is understood that these locust plantations occupy ground which is practically worthless as farm land, and that the labor of early planting was comparatively nothing, having been done at spare intervals between the farm work, the results are suggestive of the value of tree-planting for profit. That the planting has been profitable to the present owner is evident from what figures I have given here and heretofore.

Albany, New York.