Six inches of snow on the 9th of November suggests that the harvest is over, and that a summary of its products will not be out of season.

Somewhat drier than the average, the summer was, nevertheless, a very satisfactory one, and the autumn, at its close, with its gold and crimson maples, and its scarlet and purple-tinted oaks, made our hills and valleys a scene of beauty beyond pen-power of description.

Viewed from the stand-point of fruitage, the year has been a favorable one; thanks to railroads in all directions, our strawberry season of three weeks, years ago, is now protracted to nearly three times as long, and the novelties in this department, while contending with each other for popular favor, incur some rivalry also from early raspberries and blackberries, cultivated more now than formerly.

Grapes come to our market from the southern shore of Lake Erie, and our grocers keep them imported from California, but in this region they are not a success, largely for want of proper culture. If our farmers would cut out all old wood, leaving, to a large stalk, not more than four or five stout red canes of the season's growth, without any side branches whatever, and lay the vines down on the ground last of October, and cover them with leaves until about the first of May, they would find the wood plenty thick enough next season, and success much more common than they now do. I find no difficulty in having an abundance of ripe Delaware grapes every season with the above treatment. It is better to grow a vine on a southern porch than one facing the east, and a tree some distance away may be useful, when there is a frost, to screen a vine from the morning sun. Farmers should know well what kind of vines to plant by having seen and tasted the fruit before confiding too much in agents offering high-priced novelties.

Under glass, the season of 1886 in this region was such that one could utilize the three conditions of success indicated by Downing, viz.: plenty of water, of heat and of air. Taking my vines up on the 16th of April, using no fire heat, keeping the ventilators open a great part of the time and watering liberally, all the black varieties colored and matured well, the Rose Chasselas never before was so uniformly colored red, a Frontinac de Sau-mur ripened its fruit fully by August 25, a Ioanec grape ripened August 27, and Buckland, Sweetwater and Golden Hamburg vines produced very large fruit, exceedingly beautiful in color and transparency, but showing, as they characteristically often do, a very few soft berries among, the sound ones, without any apparent cause for so doing.

In a smaller vinery, with a southern exposure, treated in the same way as the foregoing, the Muscat Hamburg ripened and colored this year better than it usually does.

I have had less trouble with thrip this year than last season. I am not fully convinced that sprinkling a solution of Hellebore on grape vines will destroy thrip. I dipped some marked leaves in a strong solution of it, and watched the effect of it. For a time the insect kept away, as if the wash was disagreeable, but in a week or two afterwards I found on the underside of the leaves both eggs and newly-hatched insects. One does not care to use things poisonous, which may be distributed by syringing the vines, though the chance of doing any harm is trivial. A wire cup, with a long iron handle, in which is placed paper saturated with kerosene ignited, and passed rapidly and carefully over the foliage, avoiding the fruit, is still the most efficient way to destroy thrip that I have tried.

The apple crop in Crawford County has this year been a superabundant one, the fruit a drug in the market at twenty-five cents a bushel. The beauty and size magnificent, many of the large red varieties looking as glossy as if varnished.

Peaches in this region were this year again a failure, and fruit-growers get discouraged with so many severe winters. Pears were reasonably abundant, but mostly of small and hardy varieties. Better kinds and better culture would repay for outlay and labor. I had my own trees white-washed in the fall, and the soil they grow in enriched, and never wish for any better fruit than I got from them - Tyson, Sheldon, Seckel, Dana's, Hovey (some of the latter seven inches in circumference, many of them six and a half inches), and, perhaps best of all, Lawrence Pears. I had to thin out the fruit on the above, and several other varieties, Duchess d'Angouleme, Souvenir de Congress, etc. I found the fruit of the Lawrence, if gathered too early, will wilt, be- somewhat tough and keep a long time; gathered a little later, it becomes melting, and keeps a fortnight or so. If left until it is a golden yellow on the tree, it becomes one of the juiciest, sweetest, melting pears known, but soon becomes soft and spoiled for use.

Meadville, Penna,, Nov. 10, 1886.