In accordance with a resolution of the Horticultural Society Of Cincinnati, passed at its last session, calling on the President and Council to report on the extent of the interest at this time engaged in the wine business in the neighborhood of Cincinnati, we submit the following report;

Of the number of acres now under cultivation in vines, we are not, as yet, prepared to give an exact account, as the entire statistics of the county have not been fully made out since 1845. In that year there were eighty-three vineyards, covering an area of three hundred and fifty acres. In that year alone one hundred acres were prepared ami planted, and the number of acres brought under cultivation has been steadily and rapidly increasing every year since. The great number of new vineyards commenced since 1845, some of which embrace twenty-five to thirty acres, with the annual enlargement of those previously planted, will swell the aggregate amount to not less than twelve hundred acres. From the statistics already in our possession, we can safely say that this is within the actual amount.

The labor bestowed upon this culture in the preparation of the ground, planting and dressing, and making the wine, gives employment to at least six hundred efficient laborers, at an annual cost of $120,000, producing when in a bearing state, in moderately favorable seasons, about 240,000 gallons of wine, estimated at about the same number of dollars Beside the cultivators and wine dressers, employment is also given to wood coopers, equal to the making of 8,000 barrels, estimated at $8,000.

A considerable portion of this crop now falls into the hands of the wine coopers, and is converted into sparkling wine or champaign, thereby more than doubling its market price. The value of sparkling wine prepared in this county in 1851, as near as we can arrive at an estimate, amounts to not less than $75,000. The dealing in these wines also forms a considerable item in the transactions of the wine merchants.

As most of those engaged in the culture of the vine have families to support, as well as others engaged In the business, it may, without exaggeration, be calculated that the wine interest in Hamilton county, affords subsistence, directly, or indirectly, to at least 2,000 industrious and sober people - a drunken vine-dresser wo have never met with. S. Mosher, Pres. Horticultural Society Cincinnati, March 15, 1852.