All young orchard trees, grapevines, raspberries, blackberries, gooseberries, etc., should now have the earth either plowed or shoveled up toward them, leaving the center line between rows as a surface water-line for winter drainage. Breaking of the roots by the plow at this season will not injure the plants, trees, or vines, so that the laborer need not be afraid of going too deep with plow or spade. Leave the ground as rough as it will naturally lie, - in other words, do not rake and smooth down, after plow or spade, because, when left rough, the action of the elements during winter serves almost as good a purpose as a light dressing of manure.

EVERGREENS, where they can be procured from a near-by nursery, may be removed with almost sure success during October. The trees have completed their growth, and the soil being warm when removed, the broken roots will heal and form new roots much more rapidly than in spring, when the earth is cold. Keep the roots from even a half hour's drying; and when planting, thoroughly saturate the ground immediately in connection with copious watering, before completely filling in all the earth. If a rainy time occur, the artificial watering may be dispensed with. If but a few trees are to be removed, the operator can almost always select a cloudy or drizzling, rainy day, when, if it is not quite so pleasant working, there is less care required to keep the roots from drying, and the application of water by hand can be entirely dispensed with.