This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
The old canes that have fruited should be pruned out at once. The young canes should also be thinned out where they are too much crowded. Allow six canes to remain for the present, and next April cut two of them down to within six inches of the root; these will then throw out fruiting branches, which will be a few weeks later in making the fruit, and prolong the fruiting season to that extent.
Dr. Brinckle's Orange is the favorite. The Catawissa has been grown by Mr. Breck, who has a highly favorable opinion of it; but there has been no exhibition of the fruit in Boston.
Mr. Bateman presented at the Ohio Fair fine ripe clusters on the Catawissa and Belle de Fonter pberries, from the Columbus Nursery, for which a premium was awarded him at the fair. He remarked that these two were the only foil bearing varieties that he had found sufficiently productive to be valuable in this climate. Of these the Catawissa was the most productive - in fact the bushes were at this time loaded down with the fruit, and would continue bearing till stopped by hard frost. The berries of a purplish red color, fair size and quality, rather too soft for carriage to market. The Belle de Fontenay was rather more sensitive to heat and drought, hence not so sure a crop in this climate, but in favorable soils and seasons it produced finely, and the fruit was superior in color and quality to the Catawissa. Another French variety, the Merville de Four Seasons, had not done well with him - would not stand the heat and drought of summer.
Dr. Warder said his observations around Cincinnati agreed with the remarks of Mr. Bateman. The Belle de Fontenay and Catawissa had done very well there, but not the Merville. He said the Catawissa had been described in the books as very nearly resembling the Black Cap, which was an error - both fruit and plant differing materially from that variety, although having some more resemblance to it than varieties of the Antwerp class, especially in the mode of propagation, which is by layers of the tips or by cuttings of the roots - not by suckers.