This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Specimens of this desirable Pear were received by me from Mr. Harmer on the 21st of September, 1859. A dish of them was exhibited at the same time by Mr. Harmer, at the Annual Exhibition of the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society.
Size of Fruit, rather large, two inches and thirteen-sixteenths of an inch long, by two and five-eighths wide; Form, obovate; Skiny green, becoming yellow, with numerous russet dots and occasionally markings of russet on the side; Stem, one inch and an eighth long, by three-sixteenths thick, inserted in a rather fiat surface with little or no depression; Hariri, shallow, slightly plaited; Calyx, medium, segments nearly erect; Core, medium; Seed, rather small, dark brown, with an angle at the inner side of the blunt end; Flesh, greenish-yellow,fine texture, buttery; Flavor, saccharine, with a delicate aroma; Quality,"very good;" Maturity, the specimens sent to me were eaten on the 22d of September, but it is said to begin to ripen the last of August; Wood, olive-brown; Leaf of ordinary size, glossy, folded, accuminate, with crenate serratures; Growth, rather straggling.
The Bartram is an accidental seedling that originated near the old Bar-tram Garden, on the premises of the late Miss Ann Bartram, grand-daughter of the elder Bartram. She resided on the road leading from the railway bridge over the Schuylkill at Grey's Ferry to the Darby Road, being now embraced within the incorporated limits of the city of Philadelphia.
My attention was first directed to this variety in 1853, by the veteran nomologist, Col. Robert Carr. He described it to me as a very fine variety, larger than the Petre, and eminently worthy of being propagated. I therefore called on Miss Bartram to see the fruit; but it was ripe and gone. I obtained its history, however, from the kind old lady, (who was then living.) She informed me that it originated on a part of her grounds remote from her dwelling. When it came into bearing, she was so much pleased with the size and quality of the fruit, that she determined to transplant the tree to a more suitable and convenient locality. The removal was accomplished, but proved fatal to the original tree. Pour small suckers, however, which had sprung up from the root, survived, and were planted in the corners of a quadrangle near the mansion house. These suckers commenced fruiting in 1850.
The neighborhood of this valuable Pear is renowned as having been the birth-place of the far-famed Seckel, the Petre, Kingsessing, Jones, and Lodge; the original trees of all but the last of these varieties are still standing in their respective native localities.
[We are obliged to Dr. Brinckle for his interesting contribution. His descriptions are always concise and intelligible. We should be glad to have Mr. Harmer send us specimens of the fruit next fall. - Ed].