This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
G. F. R., Toms River, N. J. - "We are just below latitude 40° - some miles back from the ocean, and the soil a sandy loan, with considerable clay and gravel stones, and high and rolling; would it be safe to plant the Catawba? and what varieties would you recommend for market? and at what distance apart? and would you advise spur pruning or the annual renewal?"
We should plant for market purposes the Telegraph, moderately, because while we have no doubt of its profitableness as an early market sort, it yet has not been grown over a sufficient extent of country to advise its planting largely. Next, we would plant largely, very largely, of Rogers' No. 4, because it is hardy, a good bearer and grower, and a bunch and berry that will always command a ready sale; besides, it hangs well to the bunch and keeps well. Next, we would plant the Catawba; for while it will not, probably, in your soil, make a fine wine, it will color well, and sell in market, and keep well. Plant it on your strongest clay soil - not on light sand, and especially avoid soil with much vegetable matter for it. The Diana, we have no doubt, will prove valuable with you for market. Give it thin, poor soil, and train it long.
We would plant Rogers' No. 4 and Diana in rows eight feet apart, and ten feet each from vine to vine; Catawba and Telegraph eight feet each way. The annual renewal cane system is the simplest mode, and we believe, as a whole, productive of the best results.