This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
This is a beautiful genus of ornamental trees, flowering early in spring, and looking very pretty planted singly on a lawn, or trained to a wall or trellis; it is not a large tree, seldom reaching higher than twenty-five or thirty feet.
The species found in the United States is the Cercis Canadensis of botanists, commonly called Red Bud. It is found sparsely scattered in sheltered valleys in all parts of the country, from Maine to Georgia, though it abounds most on the banks of the Ohio. In the Middle States, it is a small tree, sixteen or twenty feet high, greatly admired from being covered with bunches of small flowers, of a rose color, in April, before the leaves begin to appear. They give a brilliant appearance to the whole tree, except the extremities of their branches. The leaves are exceedingly neat and pleasant to the eye, being of medium size, heart-shaped, dark green above and silvery underneath, and looking as if they had just been washed by a shower. The flowers are small, shaped like the pea blossom, and are of a deep purple-rose color. They grow in clusters, completely covering the branches, and are conspicuous from quite a distance; hence the name of Red Bud.
The rosy blossoms of this tree, combined with the white Dogwood and the scarlet of the Maple, form an agreeable sight in spring. The flowers are succeeded in summer by brown seed-pods, six or eight inches long, which hang on the trees throughout the winter.
This tree grows rapidly enough any where, but succeeds best in a cool, moist, and half shady situation. Insects do not infest it, nor does our coldest winter harm it. We recommend it as one of the finest ornamental trees, of medium size, and should find a place in every pleasure ground or lawn.
The Swamp Pyrus, or June Berry, is a small tree, found in low grounds, and blooming in early May. When in flower, it possesses considerable beauty, and produces in June a small pear-shaped fruit, of a sweet and pleasant taste, and is improved by cultivation. The June Berry belongs to the apple family of trees and shrubs, to which it is so nearly allied that scions of the pear inserted into the stock of this shrub will grow and bear fruit. The June Berry, with its sweet flavor, is a favorite with birds, and they generally appropriate all of it to their own use some time before it is fully ripe. It is easily cultivated on any common soil, and would add much to adorn the park or lawn.
The Hop Tree is more of a shrub than a tree, as in its wild state it seldom grows above the height of ten feet. It is a native of the Middle States, and flourishes well on almost all kinds of soil, even in a partial shade. It is a pretty ornamental tree. The seed grows in clusters or panicles, and present a beautiful appearance. The flowers not only resemble those of the hop, but have the same bitter flavor. We have them in great perfection on the grounds at Springside.
The Moose Wood is a beautiful, small tree, and found in abundance on the high and rocky land adjoining the Magnolia Swamps, in Gloucester, Massachusetts. "It is distinguished," says Mr. Emerson, " for its striped bark, beauty of its opening buds in spring, its large, handsome leaves and pendant fruit, and is of the easiest cultivation in any good soil".