This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Pure white, blooming in immense clusters, very showy. There being a scarcity of good white Autumnal Roses, this will be found useful to group in contrast with the strong growing Bourbons and Perpetuals, in large clumps; using Clara Sylvain, with more dwarf varieties, in smaller beds.
Pale lemon; a beautiful flower, blooming in abundance. This is a Tea-scented Noisette of moderate growth, and rather tender, requiring slight protection. Will form a beautiful small clump. A very first rate Rose.
Creamy white, fragrant, dwarf habit, blooming in large clusters. Like Narcisse, a Tea-scented Noisette, but more hardy than that variety. Will contrast admirably with any of the dwarf dark varieties, such as Grand Capitaine. A very desirable and beautiful Rose.
Bright gold and salmon, a strong grower, blooming in rich abundance from the early summer until the approach of frost; even the wet and damp of autumn appear only to give a deeper tint to its lovely flowers. Indispensable, from its color for a large dump where this color is wanting. The other yellows, which are free bloomers, are of too delicate growth, and only adapted for small beds. Pegged over a large clump, which it should be, what an unique mass it forms in the flower garden! Fragrant and very distinct.
This list will be found ample from which to select. The varieties named are all free bloomers, and of first-rate excellence, flowering until arrested by the approach of frost. If grown in masses in the flower-garden, planting but one variety in a bed, and well contrasting the colors, they will be found far more pleasing, as well as more beautiful and fragrant, than the majority of plants at present so employed.
I will just add one or two hints on their cultivation in the flower garden - they are not intended as more than hints. If the natural soil is of a tenacious loam, it will be sufficient to well enrich it with any strong manure, such as night-soil, slaughter-house dung, or any similar strong manure. On the contrary, should the natural soil be very sandy or poor, I should recommend a portion to be taken out, and the bed filled with rich, stiff, fibrous loam, or any such soil that may be at command; well manuring, as in the other case, and thoroughly working up the mass to a couple of feet in depth, mixing the ingredients together. The natural soil I take for granted, is drained; stagnant water about their roots is as injurious to Roses as to any other plants. The distance which they should be planted apart is variable, and must depend on whether the variety is a weak or a strong grower, or whether intended to be pegged over the bed, or grown as a bush. In the latter case they will require a greater distance than in the former.
In a general way, I should say, the strong sorts, if to be pegged down, should be two feet apart each way; and if grown as dwarf bushes, from two feet and a half to three feet; dwarf, or moderate growing varieties, a foot and a half if pegged down, or from two to two and a half feet if grown as bushes. In some gardens the pegging down system is indispensable, whilst in others this is immaterial; as amateurs wish to see the beauty of their Roses growing individually as dwarf bushes.
Roses, of the classes I have selected, require, in a general way, but little pruning. The delicate growers require to have the head regulated in winter, and any dead wood cut out.
shortening the others moderately, and regulating the head. In summer, as soon as any strong shoots are perceived not likely to flower, the points should be pinched out; and the laterals from these in general bloom well. This applies to all. As soon as the first bloom is over, cut the dead flower stalks back to the next well developed bud, but not too far back; for if this is done the branch will not break freely, whereas in the former case it will soon push out abundance of fresh flowering shoots. Give abundance of liquid manure during the growing season. There is no fear of green centers in any of the Roses I have selected; nor is this a failing common to many of the autumnals.
Amie Vibert; pure white; a very delicate grower.
Cloth of Gold; pale straw color, with yellow centre; a noble rose, of exquisite odor, and strong growth. Fellenberg; red, changing, in the autumn, to bright crimson; very profuse. Isabella Gray; bright yellow; very highly scented; a new rose, from the "sunny South." Jaune des prez; yellow and buff, tinted with rose; of spicy fragrance and free growth. Lamarque; lemon white; very large and splendid. Ophirie; salmon and orange; a vigorous grower, with fine, dark-green, glossy foliage. Octavie; bright red; a rare variety. Phillipart; peach blossom color; small flower, in large clusters; a strong and hardy rose. Triumph de la Duchere; pale rose, blooming in large clusters; very profuse.