This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
"This house, which is the property of Mr. David Moore, of Newburgh, was planned for another party, in the first instance, and was partly executed with the idea that it was to be very simply and economically finished. It was commenced without any intention of constructing the dormer-windows, the projecting hoods, or the covered balcony over the lower bay - all of which, as may be seen on reference to the sketch, help materially to give individuality and completeness to the design. The main outline of the plan is a simple parallelogram, without any break in the walls, and the study may therefore be interesting to those who like a generally picturesque effect in a house, but who wish to avoid irregularities in the internal arrangement, or uneconomical projections in carrying up the brick-work. During the progress of the work the building changed hands, and came into the possession of its present owner, Mr. Moore, and, in accordance with his instructions, the design was improved in many important points.
The additions already referred to were made, another bay-window was introduced, the roof to the veranda, also, was curved, and finished with a balustrade".
Further description of interest will give a more correct impression of the interior, but our space does not admit the whole. The cost without mantles, range, or grates, was about $12,000.
Design No. 12. - A Symmetrical Country House.
"This design was prepared and executed for Mr. W. L. Findlay, in the vicinity of Newburgh, with the exception of the ventilating turret, which was a suggestion made by me at the time the building was erected. This prominent feature has not, however, yet been carried into execution; still, it really forms an integral part of the design, and as the composition would seem to be somewhat unfairly represented without it, it is introduced in the sketch. It can be added, at any time, for $70 or $80. There were some special requirements made by the proprietor, in this instance, that are, perhaps, with some readers, calculated to give additional interest to this plan. The house, during the summer months, was to be, to all intents and purposes, a Southern house; ample circulation of air was to be provided, with plenty of veranda space; and a cool, open arrangement of rooms was especially asked for, as the house would be required to accommodate agreeably many residents and visitors during the hot weather. On the other hand, the plan was to be so arranged that, during the colder part of the year, the house should be suited to the changed needs of its fewer inmates; for it was the intention of Mr. Findlay to occupy his residence all the year round.
A completely fitted up and somewhat decorative principal floor, was also a point of importance with the proprietor, who did not propose to expend any large amount on his house, and whose instructions were for rooms of but moderate size, and for a basement kitchen, so as to avoid the extra expense of a kitchen wing. In the plan, it will be observed that a brick porch, connecting two verandas, and forming with them one continuous piazza, opens on to the principal hall, which is 14 by 18. This hall communicates, by sliding doors, with the drawing-room on one side, and the dining-room on the other. Each of these rooms has a bay-window at the end opposite the hall entrance, and thus, when the doors are thrown open in summer, an agreeable vista effect is produced, and a free circulation of air is provided for. The upper end of the hall is traversed by a light, ornamental, open, arched screen, which is introduced so as to give a definite character to a passageway, or vestibule, as shown on the plan. Beyond this arched screen is an entrance, with sliding-doors, to the library, and at the opposite end of the latter room is a large, square bay-window, with open screen-work and seat in connection with it.
Thus another extensive vista is obtained, in summer evenings, through the house in this direction, and when the doors are open, any one sitting in the library bay can see the river view framed, as it were, in the outer arch of the porch. A little boudoir, or ladies' morning-room, with a private veranda entirely shaded during the whole of the forenoon, is planned close to this library and to the drawing-room, and a similar space is inclosed on the opposite side of the house for water-closet and pantry, which has a lift in connection with the floor below. It will thus be seen, by an inspection of the plan, that it would hardly be possible to have a more airy and open arrangement for summer; for, standing in the hall when the rooms are thrown open, one can see clear through the house, north, south, east, and west; and the porch, ball, vestibule, library, dining-room, drawing-room, and veranda, are converted, as it were, into one connected apartment. All idea of the moderate size of the single-rooms (the largest of which is but 18 by 20), is thus done away with, and the house necessarily seems roomy, open, and ample in its accommodation.
" So much for the summer arrangement. In winter, on the other hand, the first step should be to inclose the arches of the porch, with glazed frames, and the next, to close the sliding doors for the season, entering, in futnre, each of the separate rooms from the ordinary-sized doors which are provided to each of the principal apartments for this purpose; the library being approached through a book-case door, already illustrated and described in the opening chapter. The furnace may then be started, and the house will be found to be a warm winter house, suited to a severe climate. All the thorough draughts are shut off, and the separate rooms are small, readily warmed, and easy of access from the chambers! The bedroom floor in this house contains an upper hall, lighted by a skylight, four full-sized bedrooms, a dressing-room, and a bath-room, with water-closet. The attic contains two spare bedrooms, shut off entirely from the apartments for domestics, on the same floor, and it also provides an open hall, two servants' bedrooms, a garret, and lumber-room.
"In the basement will be found the kitchen, wash-room, milk-room, furnace-room, and cellars. The carpenter's and mason's contracts for this house were taken at $7,230, and the painter's, and plumber's, and decorator's accounts, with some ornamental ceilings, and other carpenter's work inside the house, not contemplated in the original contract, made the amount expended, and on which five per cent, (architect's commission) was charged, $9,326 51".