This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
S. B Gavitt, of Wayne county, would not recommend it generally in western New York; although there are soma localities where, with a sandy or gravelly soil, it seems to have done well.
Mr. Smith, of Geneva, had noticed its success upon light soils, and had remarked that this year it was finer upon even clayey soils than ever before. Does not want to see finer fruit than some produced this past season.
Mr. Sharpe had set out, in 1858, about a thousand White Doyenne trees near his house, and they were doing finely. Never saw a crack nor a spot upon the fruit.
Mr. Maxwell thought that the disease affects the fruit worse upon old trees than upon young ones.
Mr. Barber thought the best mode of cultivating the White Doyenne was to cut the trees close, and get up good strong shoots, with large leaves, thus getting up a new action all through the tree, and more healthy fruit.
Mr. Smith supposed the disease to depend very much upon some local cause.
Dr. Sylvester agreed with Mr. Smith, for he had seen fruit crack badly upon the west side of a hill, while upon the east side, and not over one hundred rods off, the fruit was untouched and splendid. Thinks it can not be climate or soil which causes the disease in a case like that.
Mr. Townsend. - Upon my own grounds the fruit cracks badly, while upon the premises of a near neighbor the crop is first-rate. Thinks the cracking proceeds from an atmospheric cause; for the fruit upon both dwarf and standard Doyenne trees suffers alike. It must be a current of air carrying fungi to the fruit; for, in my case, it follows immediately a violent attack of pear blight The fruit will be one day fair, and the next day with this fungus upon it.
Mr. Smith liked the White Doyenne because it is a fine hardy tree, and the fruit is one of the best market pears. It keeps easily, and ripens up easily and well, and is popular. Thinks all really fine pears more apt to suffer from diseases than the coarser fruit and coarser trees, which are hardier, and resist disease better; but these coarser fruits are not as good.
Mr. Hooker had found that of this variety very few were fit to ship - not one in ten; and this seemed a good test as to whether it is advisable to plant the tree.
Mr. Jacobs has purchased a good deal of this fruit, and finds that it is better in and about Geneva and Canandaigna than here in Monroe county. New York dealers by quantities of good-sized and perfect Doyennes from Ontario county. Pears with fungus upon them we dealers always throw out and refuse entirely. We only accept perfect specimens.
Mr. Ellwanger stated that the White Doyenne always does well upon his own grounds but, as to the question under debate, would answer, No. There is no necessity for planting Doyennes when we have plenty of others equally, or about equally, good, which are not subject to this disease.