This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Size large; form one-sided, flattened; skin pale-yellow splashed with carmine; stem medium in length, stout; core small, seeds pale-brown, small; cavity narrow, deep; basin medium; calyx closed; core surroundings distinct; flesh white, tender, breaking very juicy; sub-acid; flavor excellent; season January.
The attention of the society was called to this new seedling for the first, and we believe it was conceded, by all who tried it, better in quality than Ben Davis, and if anything, more attractive in appearance. Mr. Hammond kindly favors us with the following account of its origin and characteristics of tree:
Mark Miller: - I have made some inquiries in relation to the seedling apple, exhibited at the late meeting of our State Horticultural Society, and find the following to be its history:
About the year 1838, Col. Samuel Chandler removed, with his family, from Muskingum county, Ohio, to Hancock county, Illinois. Mrs. Chandler brought with her a quantity of apple seeds, which she planted in the garden, where they were permitted to grow until 1843 or 1844, when she gave a number of the trees to a relative, Mr. Rodolphus Chandler, who was then planting an orchard on the prairie, five miles east of Warsaw. And this apple is the production of one of these trees.
Mr. Chandler has for many years considered this the most profitable tree in his orchard, and has top-grafted quite extensively from it. The tree is a vigorous grower, healthy and hardy, and an annual bearer of fruit, always fair and of uniform size. The tree produced, the past year, twenty-five bushels of good marketable apples. It is a late bloomer, blooming two or three days before the Rawls Januet.
I am not so well informed in relation to its keeping qualities, but Mr. Chandler informs me that he has often kept them until April, which would indicate that they are one of our best keepers. If it should prove to keep as well as the Ben Davis and Willow Twig, it will be a great acquisition to our market list, as it is apparently as hardy and productive, and greatly superior in quality to either of these varieties.
The Warsaw Horticultural Society, at a late meeting, after a full discussion of the subject, decided to name it Illinois Pippin. Perhaps we may be accused of presumption in giving an apple, so little known, such a high-sounding name, yet we believe that it will yet be an honor to the State that gave it birth.
Warsaw, III. A. C. Hammond.