This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
I hare possessed for many years a very fine grafted Rose bush of the kind called Cloth of Gold; these possess the peculiarity of blooming finely and freely, with very large flowers, when in the green-house; but in the open air the roses are not nearly so remarkable. My bush began to run some three years ago very rampantly; but my gardener regularly cut it down to produce grafts from, losing the roses. I determined to "make an example" of the specimen, and proceeded as follows, with what results you shall hear.
I planted the bush under the drawing-room front window, and made a plant-case, covering the sides with bark to make it sightly. As soon as heavy frosts set in, I bent down the stem and fixed it there with a pronged stick, covering the whole, which had now a fine head, with glass. Being near the door, and under constant observation, I treated it as is usual with salad or cucumber beds - that is, I gave it plenty of air when the sun was on it, or the air was sufficiently warm.
The result has been, my pet has been raised up in the spring in the most extraordinary vigor, health, and beauty. This year it came forth with eighty-four enormous buds, followed by giant flowers, so much so that it became a perfect show to the neighborhood. I branched the runners to stakes, and it now measures twenty-one feet in length, and next year will mount to the second story on a special trellis. It is now perfecting a second eeries of buds, and will continue to bloom till late in the fall. I may add, that I have watered it and my other roses once a week with a solution of sulphate of ammonia, in the proportion of one pound to thirty gallons. Lovers of roses will do well to try the experiment with Cloth of Gold, Soffrana, Solfatare, etc. J. J. S. - Germantown, Pa.
I bead with much interest in the Horticulturist for June, 1853, " Hints on Pinching." It was confined to pinching trees, but it recalled to my memory an experiment I once made in Newport, R I., with some cucumber vines. I had a narrow border, not more than two feet and a half wide, on the edge of a paved yard enclosed by a high board fence. I planted three cucumber hills in the border, and laid some brush (such as are used for pea-vines) between them and the board fence. As soon as they crept up to the top of the brush, I pinched oft the ends of the vine which thickened rapidly around the roots, and in every direction throwing out the most vigorous foliage and a profusion of flowers. I did not allow the cucumbers to grow large, but watched them, and such as I wished to reserve for the table, I picked as soon as they became of proper size; all the rest were carefully gathered every day for pickles, every day pinching off the bud at the end of every shoot In this way the hills continued fresh and productive until they were touched by frost Some judgment can be formed of the value of this practice when I add, that more than a barrel of pickles were made from the three hills, beside allowing a supply for the table.
Whenever a leaf began to look rusty or yellowish it was removed, and every cucumber and leaf was cut off with large scissors, so as not to disturb or wound the vine. There is an advantage in having them run up on bushes instead of trailing over the ground, because they are much injured by being trodden on; and by being kept low on the bushes they can be easily and thoroughly examined every day, which is essential, for if one or two cucumbers are overlooked and grow very large, it stops the yield of that vine. H. S.