This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
W. F. Heikes of Dayton, O., has published a practical little treatise of twelve pages, with the above title. It appears to be very suitable to any one intending to enter into this business, dealing practically with such subjects as soils, modes of propagating, distances apart for planting, root grafts, cultivation, management of seeds, transplanting budding. It is the only publication of the kind we have seen in a cheap form. Price 25 cents. The value of it is enhanced considerably with a list of trees suited to different latitudes, from 37o to north of 40o.
This is a question that is often asked by owners of lawn mowers, and it is not to be wondered at when we consider that the general use of these machines is comparatively in its infancy in this country. There are a few simple rules necessary to be followed in using lawn mowers, which we give as follows:
The lawn should be kept free from stones and such other rubbish as would tend to injure the knives.
The grass should be cut often, and never be allowed to get over four inches in length (three is better), this makes the work of cutting easy, and avoids straining or breaking the machine.
The mower should be well oiled and kept clean; this is a very important item, as I have seen many good lawn mowers condemned and thrown aside when all they needed was cleaning and oiling.
" These stakes need not be over six feet high, and may be set about four feet apart each way. As the plants grow, tie them up to the stakes; but that will not be required over half a dozen times during the season. Twenty plants thus treated will, he thinks, yield as much fruit as double the quantity on any other plan, and in quality, he declares, there is no comparison. The common field plan of leaving Tomatoes to grow up as they list, spreading everywhere over the ground, may be, as truck-growers say it is, the way in which the heaviest weight of fruit can be had in proportion to the labor spent; but in this way the fruit is more acid."
We occasionally hear of people being quite at a loss to know what to do with trees received in a cold time, or when the ground is frozen. The way is, either deposit the packages in a cellar as they are received, or open them and set the roots in earth until the weather changes: or a trench may be made in the open ground, even if the surface must be broken with a pick-axe, and the trees laid in until they can be planted. They may remain in this state quite safe all winter. Every season we receive packages of trees from Europe in mid winter, and we find no difficulty in taking care of them in this way.
I am not disposed to paint a word picture of my own home or its surroundings in winter, but as I look out upon the snow to-day, and notice how cheerful the brilliant green of the Austrian pines, hemlocks and spruces appear, toned down by the more somber colors of the various species and varieties of the arbor vitaes, I cannot help thinking that, if the surroundings of farmers' homes are so cheerless in winter, it is merely because there is no disposition on the part of the farmer to make them otherwise. The first cost of our best and most hardy evergreens is so trifling that no one need put that in as an excuse for not planting them, after which very little attention will insure beautiful trees in a very few years. A few handsome evergreen trees about a place soon change the entire aspect in winter, and instead of the cold, cheerless outlook, they will impart to it warmth and beauty Moore's Rural.