This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
We are indebted to B. G. Pardee, Esq., of Geneva, for specimens of this famous variety, grown by Dr. Hull, of Newbugh. They were of fair size, but not much more than half as large as we have seen them before, both in this country and in Europe. They must have been ripe at Newburg nearly ten days or a fortnight sooner than they would be at Rochester. A note from Mr. Pardee concerning Dr. Hull's culture will be found in another place.
I lend inclosed two small squares of enameled glass suitable for horticultural purposes. It is manufactured near this city, and is considered an admirable substitute for all other kinds for green-houses and forcing beds. One surface is made opake in its manufacture; it is roughened and similar in appearance to what is termed ground glass. Why import, while an article in all respects available is made in this country! The cost of this enameling on the glass is five cents per foot additional to the price of the glass, or five dollars per hundred feet Glass that I sell at $4.00, $4.25, and $4.50 per 100 feet, would be $9.00, $9.26, and $9.50; the price of the double thick glass sent, is double for the glass; enameling the same. Thos. P. James. - Philadelphia.
The glass referred to in Mr. J auks1 note is a beautiful article, and we have no doubt will answer horticultural purposes well. It seems to be just the thing, but five cents per foot for the enameling makes it costly, and the cost is a matter of importance, especially to professional cullivators who use large quantities of glass, and have to study economy. Some sort of obscured glass seems to be necessary under our bright scorching sun for nearly all glass structures. The English rough plate glass, one-eighth of an inch thick, weighing two pounds to the foot, costs in England from eight cents to ten cents per foot, for sizes varying from 8x10 to 10x14; this is about the price of the enameled glass, common thickness. The double thick enameled would be, we suppose, about one-eighth of an inch thick, and would cost twice as much as the rough plate; but then there is to be added freight, duty, and other charges.
On the 14th of June, while on a visit at Newburgh, we went in company with Mr. Saul to see the famous British Queens, of Dr. Hull. The place has now passed out of the Doctor's hands, bat the Strawberry beds are there as usual, under the care of the same man who was gardener for the Doctor. We found a very fair crop on the plants, a good crop indeed for this country, although a considerable quantity had been gathered. The plants were set in rows 15 to 18 inches apart, and the ground was covered with straw between the rows to keep the fruit clean. The gardener informed us that the crop was smaller than usual, as the bed was old and many of the best plants had died out. He said they had not been mulched with tan, nor had any special care or application of any kind. He spoke unfavorably of the use of tan - thought it killed the plants in many cases, and said that Dr. Hull had changed his views in regard to its effects. He thinks (and we pretty much agree with him), that one of the chief causes of Dr. Hull's success was his deep trenching (four feet) of the ground, and enriching with well prepared composts, and afterwards working in poudrette and street sweepings.
Mr. Downing, it will be remembered, thought that the great point in the American culture of these Pine Strawberries, was to keep them warm in winter and cool' in summer, by means of mulching. One thing is very certain, they cannot be grown so easily as the Scarlets; but when Dr. Hull succeeds on the top of a high hill on very dry ground, we know of no good reason why others cannot succeed in more favorable locations.
Much the finest flavored and most beautiful large strawberries, that we have seen grown in this country, are some of this variety, raised this season by our neighbor, Dr. Hull of Newburgh. The color is darker, and they appear to have attained a perfection of quality never reached in England - where this superb sort is so justly popular. The crop is also one that would satisfy Mr. Longworth - much as he has abused the staminates for their barrenness. We will give some account of Dr. Hull's culture of this delicious amateur's variety in our next.