This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
At the same time the Common Council should pass an ordinance making it a severe penalty to molest or destroy either the birds or the bird-houses, and cause such an ordinance to be promptly and effectually carried into effect. In connection therewith, your Committee would recommend the adoption of the following resolution:
Resolved, That the President of this Society petition the Common Council, in the name of the Society, to place in the trees growing upon lands belonging to the city, such small boxes or houses for the object herein set forth, and to pass an ordinance for the effectual protection of birds and their habitations.
They further believe that the city can be more speedily cleared of these worms by some well-digested plan, which aims at the methodical destruction of this insect in all its stages, faithfully, perseveringly, and extensively carried into effect and such a one has happily been presented by Messrs. Graef and Weibe.
They would therefore recommend that a committee of one from each Ward in the city be appointed by the chair, to ascertain the condition of the infested trees in their respective Wards at the present time; that this Committee report in writing to this Society the result of such examination; that said Committee be continued, with power to fill any vacancy that may occur, until such time that they may be discharged by the Society; that they each year successively examine said trees at or about the corresponding month of their first examination, and report annually to this Society the result of their examinations and their opinions thereon. Also, that the Society Offer a premium of $ - to be awarded to any person or association of persons whose plan or plans may prove the most speedy and efficacious in permanently exterminating from the city, the worms which now infest our shade trees, and at the same time by its operation prove the least injurious to such trees.
They would further suggest the propriety of raising the amount of said premium from the members of the Society by private subscription.
Tour Committee firmly believe that parties owning property and having infested trees thereon will freely and willingly remunerate any one who rids them of this pest, and the Common Council will deal liberally with those who confer so great a boon upon our beautiful city.
Finally, they are of opinion that this Society, in thus offering a premium, keeps within the limits of its powers, and by appointing a number of its members as co-laborers in the work of destroying and freeing our city of this objectionable worm, is discharging its duty to the community, and all obligations, financial and otherwise, imposed upon it by this question. Respectfully submitted, J. B. Jones, M. D., Chairman, D. G. Eaton, J. Greenwood, A. J. Spooner, L. B. Wyman, Smith J. Eastman.
Dr. Trimble, being called upon for some remarks, said that so far he had not examined the matter so as to be enabled to report that evening. His investigation had not been concluded, and had been directed chiefly to the parasite insect spoken of by the chairman of the Committee. But his investigation, he would say, promised satisfactory results. Lately he took some thirty pupa of the measure-worm, and in fifteen of them he found the larvae of this parasite. These were procured in New York; those he had procured in this city he had not as yet had an opportunity of examining. If the Society chose to continue the subject, no doubt he would be able to report definitively in a few weeks. As to the martins and swallows, he thought they would be a disadvantage to them in getting rid of the worms. What they would have to depend on to get rid of the worms, were flies, and those birds were essentially fly catchers. The wren and the small warblers would be useful, but the best sort of bird for the purpose was the Baltimore Oriole. Birds such as the robin and thrush would be useful, but we could not induce them to frequent the city. As to the Oriole, they could not get them to come here because the trees were not high enough, their habit being to build in lofty trees.
Whether this pest - the measure-worm - could be extirpated by artificial means, it was for the Society to determine. It was but a very limited power that man had over these insects, so rapid was their multiplication. He thought they must depend most on the parasites to destroy them. How far the ichneumon parasite would help them it was difficult to decide; time alone could tell that Mr. A. Spooner moved that Dr. Trimble be requested to continue his investigations and report at his earliest convenience.
Mr. Burgess bore testimony to the fact that the wasp is a destroyer of these caterpillars.
Mr. S. J. Eastman agreed generally with the report He considered the proposition of the gentlemen upon whose application to the Society the report was predicated, to be a thoroughly practical one. They described the habits of the worms, and the only practical mode of destroying them. Indeed, he thought it the only plan they could depend on with any prospect of success. It was one attended with much labor by the gentlemen who undertook the task, but they asked for no remuneration until the work was completed to the satisfaction of the Society. Therefore, he considered that the Society should not hesitate in accepting their proposition, for he was confident that they would be successful. He did not believe in waiting until these ichneumon insects accomplished the work; well and good if they aided these gentlemen in the feasible plan proposed. He had the utmost confidence in birds, as suggested. Last year he put up a number of bird-houses in his grounds; this year he doubled the number, and next year he would treble them.
The result had been most satisfactory in his and adjoining gardens.
Some discussion then ensued as to whether it were competent for the meeting to entertain the report, it not being a business meeting. Finally, the re. port was laid over till next Tuesday evening, and the special committee were requested to continue, and assist at said meeting.
Fruit Growers' Society Of Western New York. - The Fruit Growers' Society met at the Court House in Rochester on Tuesday, the 25th of June, the President, H. T. Brooks, in the Chair. We copy the proceedings from the report in the Country Gentleman.