This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
The June session of this Society was held at Buffalo on the 27th and 28th. The Presideut, Col. Hodge, being absent on account of illness, S. H. Ainsworth, Esq., took the chair. After the usual preliminary business, the following discussions took place, which we condense from the Country Gentleman and Rural New Yorker, but mainly from the former. The discussion on Grapes, however, was furnished us by a friend who was present, and who will please accept our thanks:
Mr. Herendeen, of Wayne county, remarked that there was only one sort that he could really recommend, and that sort was "Wilson's Albany" - it would bear twice as much as any other sort, and four times as much as any common variety - can have them for eating in the family for two weeks, and it is a berry that wears well. It is acid, to be sure, but good, and the vine is perfectly hardy; while the last berries of the season are as large as the first. Does not produce small berries if well cultivated.
For market cultivation, plant in rows four feet apart; cultivate between the rows till within two weeks of ripening, and then mulch with cut grass. In this way they will endure several years. Has crops of which this year is the fourth year, and they are full crops. The market men here in Buffalo were this morning selling Wilson's at three cents per quart higher than any other sort.
Mr. Coppock, of Erie Co., differed decidedly from friend Herendeen as to this sort. All strawberries have locations, and they change flavor, etc, when grown in various places. Here in Buffalo it does not keep up its full size, and the popular opiniou is that it is not fit to eat. Wilson's Albany has a peculiar acid, and leaves a singular flavor on the palate after eating. Won't eat it at all. Likes Scott's Seedling and Genesee very much, but the climax is Burr's New Pine. With this there is no fault to be found. Longworth's'Prolific is a capital berry, and Prince's Eclipse is earlier than Jenny Lind; but a seedling called "Coppock's No. 1" is the only sort I now cultivate in any quantity, and of that have fully five acres in bearing.
Mr. Moody, of Niagara Co., has planted upon a soil called a chestnut loam - cultivates some fifty sorts, and Jenuy Lind is a week earlier than Wilson's Albany. Next is Peabody's Seedling. Triomphe de Gand is a fair bearer, but must be kept in hills. Hooker is very superior for flavor, and is a fair bearer. Trollope's Victoria does very well, and well cultivated is fine. Monroe Scarlet is the sixth.
Mr. Tick, of Monroe Co., spoke of the adaptation of the different varieties to different soils and climates; but so far as productiveness was concerned. Wilson's Albany must be universally conceded to have taken the lead. Scott's Seedling, Monroe Scarlet, Triomphe de Gand, Crimson Cone, which two years ago in the city of New York was cheaper than any other va-variety, but market gardeners' for New York are getting now into Wilson's Albany. For a private garden, would cultivate in hills a foot apart, and hoe up each plant separately. Renew the bills once in three years.
Mr. Hoag, of Niagara county, cultivates upon a sandy loam with no manure. Plants in rows three and one-half feet apart, but does not like the single bill system. Wilson's Albany most productive, and after the Hooker and Chilian. Chilian has been with him more hardy than Wilson's Albany. Spring is a better time than fall to set out plants.
Mr. Glen, of Monroe county, planted Crimson Cone upon a space of sixteen square rods, (one tenth of an acre,) and the second year picked eleven hundred quarts of berries. They had continued bearing well, and now this fifth year, had already yielded over one thousand quarts. Wilson's Albany is an enormous bearer the first year, but afterwards diminishes very much in productiveness. The Large Early Scarlet will bear as many quarts as Wilson's Albany, and comes first into market, when the price is high, the demand great, and the sales easy, while Wilson's ripens mainly in the glut of the market Triomphe de Gand is very productive and very fine. Hooker is perhaps somewhat tender in open winters or exposed situations, but it is of unsurpassed high flavor. Scott's Seedling is very productive, but of insipid flavor. Crimson Cone is very fine and good for preserving. When planted in hills mulching is necessary.
Mr. Chas. Downing remarked that Wilson's Albany was the most productive plant he ever saw, but the fruit was too sour by far. Jenny Lind is a fine early sort. Triomphe de Gand was his favorite. Scott's Seedling was very handsome, but possessed no flavor. Of all crops, perhaps the strawberry was the most variable known, some sorts being admirably adapted to some localities and some to others. Trollope's Victoria was of fine flavor, but not very productive. Monroe Scarlet was not as good on the banks of the Hudson as farther west, while Hooker was a berry of superior flavor, but not productive enough to satisfy the demands of many. Mr. Beadle, of St. Catherine's, remarked that in Canada, upon a soil decidedly sandy, there was no variety for table use which was as early, of as good size and fine flavor as the Large Early Scarlet. Hovey's Seedling did well, having a few large berries on each truss, and ripening as it did next to the Early Scarlet, and being of a good flavor, formed a capital succession crop. Burr's New Pine is, however, the best strawberry we have ever seen in all its qualities, in productiveness and in flavor. In size we have only one rival for it, and that is Triomphe de Gand; we think a good deal of that, so for.
Hooker bears large berries and a good crop of the finest flavor, with a few small berries on the trues. In Canada we are obliged to protect all our strawberries in the winter. We plant in the spring, rows 2 1/2 feet apart, and plants 1 1/2| feet apart in the rows; let the runners fill in the spaces during the first summer, and then stop runners - we mulch with grass, have two seasons of fruit, and then dig up.