Rapid grower, perfect flowers, very handsome, long conical berries, of bright scarlet color, and bears abundantly, but is quite deficient in flavor; might undoubtedly be profitable for marketing." - Country Gentleman, 1858, page 302.

A fruit may be honestly recommended for cultivation because it will carry to market better, and be received by the consumer in a better state, by reason of its firmness, and such was the meaning of the expression when it was first introduced; but the application of the words too often now means a poor or inferior fruit with a good-looking exterior. "Good manners are a perpetual passport," used to be the maxim, but of late the greatest rogues wear the best exterior, and are most agreeable and inoffensive in their manners. The best looking gentlemen in Europe are the card-dealers at the gambling institutions of the German watering-places. They are selected for their distinguished appearance and their suaviler in modo; but this is a fraud upon the credulity of the public, and it becomes a question whether we should not investigate the propriety of holding out false colors by recommending a market product, purely for the single reason that it will command the eye by putting on an appearance of excellence which it does not possess, or in other words that it will sell.

Is it to be expected that the purchaser will be pleased when we virtually assure him that this or that fruit, labelled by our teachers, "for market purposes," is a very good article, when in an adjoining basket is another, the label on which is in reality, "for connoisseurs," or shall we say "for those that know better,"

Everybody has once tasted, in their youth mayhap, under favorable circumstances of good health and appetite, some fruit of luscious exterior and corresponding value, the remembrance of which is a bright spot "on memory's page," That morsel gives a certain coloring to all one's future. If the same tempting appearance presents itself in the market or at the shop, it is not much matter what the price is, a portion large or small finds its homeward way. Perhaps the busy merchant, while extensive transactions have engaged his morning hours, mentally recurs now and then to the fine dish that will inevitably be the chief attraction at his desert. He will then descant upon "what is good," and tell his listeners how it was when he was a youth. Dinner is despatched, the fruit is produced; no comment; when it does come, it is sadly pronounced, and sounds thus, "Ah I it don't taste as it did when I was a boy!" "But," chimes in his wife, who is opposed to smoking perhaps, "you forget that you've deadened your taste with tobacco !" "I don't care if I have, it is not the same thing." And it is not. Who that has partaken of a Seckel pear under the tree, that was properly cultivated, thirty years ago, relishes the poor little knots, of less than half the size, that are now their lineal representatives.

Some people have abandoned the cultivation of the acknowledged best pear in the world, to try experiments on new and doubtful kinds. We have been experimenting with all our energies to supply the dear public with the best strawberries, and now recommend one "quite deficient in flavor !" Peaches are rarely met with of the excellence of "old times," and many people have abandoned looking for them.

" We have better fruits than we had then," shouts some young enthusiast. So we may have in some departments, but it will be well to inquire where this constant selection of kinds " for market purposes," as now understood, will land us. People will purchase strawberries and raspberries to the end of time, but if they discover you have brought too many for their looks alone they will grow chary of their cash, and declare them an unnecessary expense, having no longer the taste the fruit had when they were young.

We always look cautiously at fruit recommended only " for market purposes," and so sure as it is inferior to the best, so surely will its price ultimately indicate the fact. A big cherry with two bites on it, and no flavor, will not do "for market purposes" very long. Let us aim at the very best, and trust to a generous public with a pocket always full of money and pretty well posted on the subject of flavor.

Tod long has this "for market purposes " been the burthen of market men. A farmer's wife colors her butter with annatto, or the juice of the carrot, and exultingly says, "That's the thing for market purposes," while perhaps it is so inferior in good qualities that she would not set it before her friends. It looks well, takes the fancy of the boarding houses, just as brewed wine brings ten dollars the gallon, provided it has the right sort .of look, and smacks of ether, though it is colored with poke-berry juice and filtered through coarse paper. Very few people know that the foreign cordials sold in nice strawed bottles are made of gum arabic and flavored with an essential oil. Leave out the cork and the oil evaporates, nothing remains but a solution of the gum.

Thus, "for market purposes," all trades unite to palm off inferior goods, and few enough are the wholly genuine. A large and well-colored berry has the preference over the one with the true flavor. A sweated fruit of golden hue commands three prices beyond the same awaiting Nature's preferable processes. Let us, as horticulturists, cease to imitate the rogues; let us, who live with and consult with nature, give her due credit for good intentions, and not torture her into a love of gay fruits with hollow pretensions and pithy hearts. If such plans are recommended from the pulpits of horticulture, what will be the result? We shall learn to tolerate and commend other false pretensions; we shall love young ladies who consider it sufficient to have full skirts and empty heads; a silk dress will be thought better than a knowledge of bread and butter making; newspapers printed so as to look like the genuine thing, will be crammed with foolish agricultural and horticultural matter,* made up of a collection of reckless invectives, • Witness already the Rural New Yorker, which actually taught lately that grapes would hybridize with the hickory nut ! about as possible as for the pumpkin and strawberry to unite and make strawberries and cream.

It has a contributor, whose writings we rejected, thus characterized by one of our best informed correspondents: hardy assertions and insolent bigotry, strong in the confidence of self-satisfied ignorance. Everything will become a sham; thermometers will be highly varnished and tell false tales; spy-glasses will have a shining exterior, with window-glass substituted for the polished lens; all our fruits will be "quite deficient in flavor," and people will cease to buy them.

The purchaser is as much to blame as the vender, for he encourages the deception, which has perhaps been taught him in "the books ;" but honesty continues to be the best policy, and in future let us hear of such fruits as are better than those usually employed "for market purposes." We venture to suggest that the pomologists lead in the reform, or their vocation may be gone.

They have a term abroad, in manufacturing districts, which is of the same tendency. They say, "for the American market;" and if you will compare the texture of goods manufactured for us with those made for consumption at home, you will find the one flimsy to the utmost capacity of the loom, the other as substantial as possible for the price; the one " finished " for show, the other for wear. Every region of the globe is ransacked for imitations. The reason is, we have got into the habit of asking for these things to be cheap; the too numerous " store-keepers" cannot get a large profit on a good article; every buyer at retail wants the chief element to be cheapness; the consequence is that in consuming dry goods, the purchaser buys a barrel or two of American sour flour, that has twice paid freight across the ocean, and is employed in the form of starch, to keep the flimsy substances in shape -till it is rubbed off on the wa6h-board, and the wonder is that "goods nowa-days don't wear." The love of change and "new. styles " reconciles the ladies, if it does not exhaust their husbands' or parents' pockets. But is it to be expected that people will always buy berries wholly without flavor, if they find it out, as they surely will.

There is varnish and deception enough already in the world. Reform it altogether.

Scott's Seedling #1

Long, of a regular conical form, quite pointed; color, brilliant scarlet; large, frequently 1 1/4 inches in length; rather dry; not very high, but well flavored; productive.

Scott's Seedling #1

Great diversity of opinion in regard to this fruit.