This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
For the largest and best collection of, giving full description of process and expenses.
Premium, The Society's Silver Medal.
Premiums are subject to the general rule of restriction, that where objects are not worthy, prizes will be withheld. No State, Society or individual can compete for more than one premium with the same variety or varieties of fruits.
There must be a reform in putting up American canned fruit, or the foreign market, now opening with fine prospects and encouraging demand for really good articles, will shut down most rigidly against American brands. Immense amounts of poor trash are manufactured yearly, and vended by unscrupulous canners. We have opened several of the cans of peaches put up by these parties, and behold a single peach or two swimming in a sea of juice. Good canners should fill the can full of fruit first, then pour in juice to fill up. Dishonest canners use poor, unripe fruit, so bard that it would realize no sale in market, and think that by cooking, it may bo made to answer. In this way canned peaches can be made and sold for $1.75 per dozen. Good, well filled cans of selected peaches, cannot be well made for less than $3 to $4 per dozen, each can holding one to two quarts. Great damage is done to the business of canning fruit by dishonest packers. It is a business of immense value to our fruit growers, as it opens an avenue for new markets, and relieves the mark et of its surplus fruits.
A trade journal of this city publishes a letter from a firm in Liverpool, stating that large quantities of canned peaches could "be sold abroad if they were put up honestly; but there have been heavy consignments of unripe fruit, which nobody could use, and, as a consequence, the demand has fallen off, and it will take a long time to recover from the discredit." The same is said of oysters. Our canned peas and beans do not sell, because they are so inferior to those put up by the French. Tomatoes and sweet corn do not sell at all in England, nor are likely to, for the reason that no taste has been acquired for them, and, perhaps, the climate is unfavorable.